Chemicals and Fuels from Bio-Based Building Blocks

Fabrizio Cavani, Stefania Albonetti,
Francesco Basile, and Alessandro Gandini
Published in: Wiley-VCH
Release Year: 2016
ISBN: 978-3-527-69819-6
Pages: 744
Edition: 1st
File Size: 15 MB
File Type: pdf
Language: English

Description of Chemicals and Fuels from Bio-Based Building Blocks

Today the bio-refinery concept is being applied to integrate the production of chemicals, fuels, and materials from renewable resources and wastes. But the concept is not new, since the industry of oils and fats, among others, has already for some time been transforming by-products or co-products received from other industries into chemicals for several diverse sectors while combining this production with that of fuels, such as bio-gas, obtained from organic residues. However, the sector is rapidly evolving, and new concepts and ideas are setting the scene. It is impressive to see how the scientific and technical advancements in this field have been, and still are, changing the scenario at an unprecedented pace. Chemicals and Fuels from Bio-Based Building Blocks book was conceived with the ambitious aim of preparing something different from the information already available. In other words, for the authors it was not only a matter of updating the panorama with the latest developments in technologies and transformation processes but also of offering readers the possibility to view the “world of renewables” from a more rational perspective. Instead of contributions focusing on how a certain biomass or bio-based building block can be transformed into specific products, we decided to offer an overview from the standpoints of reaction and products. This led to the organization of the book into different sections in which the classes of reactions (oxidation, hydro-de-oxygenation, C–C bond formation) are examined or the different types of monomers (Succinic acid, Adipic acid, furandi-carboxylic acid, glycols, and acrylic acid), polymers, and drop-in chemicals (olefins, aromatics, and syngas, produced from renewables) are discussed. A closing section of the book contains several contributions from chemical industries operating in the field of biorefinery development. Throughout the book it is possible to find points of intersection between the chapters on products and those on reactions that are finding a place in biore-finery models.This approach gives a three-dimensional perspective on the production of bio-based building blocks and, looking at the future, facilitates the development of new processes and placement of new products in an increasingly integrated context.
Chemicals and Fuels from Bio-Based Building Blocks book is therefore organized into three main sections. The first section (15 chapters) is devoted to a discussion of the main products attainable from renewable raw materials. The different types of products have, in turn, been further separated into three sections: (i) chemicals and fuels from bio-based building blocks (B4), (ii) B4 monomers, and (iii) polymers from B4. To provide a reliable description of the state of research and development and of industrial implementations of the production of different molecules, we asked several experts from universities and industry to present the most recent results obtained in their respective field, together with their ideas on the topic. Given the structure of the book, the chapters on polymers concentrate exclusively on the use of bio-based building blocks as potential monomers and on the most recent studies dealing with their polymerizations and co-polymerizations, as well as on the properties of the ensuing materials. The second part of the book focuses on the class of reactions needed to obtain chemicals and fuels from bio-based building blocks. Hydrogenation, de-oxygenation, C–C bond formation, and oxidation are key reactions in the upgrading of these compounds, and Chapters 14–17 provide the reader with a basic under-standing, offering an overview of the possibilities offered by these tools using different raw materials. Several examples of homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis are discussed, with an emphasis on the industrial aspects, providing a comprehensive picture and addressing the main issues associated with biomass transformations.
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