Basics of Horticulture

Sharon Pastor Simson
Martha C. Straus
Published in: John Wiley & Sons
Release Year: 2010
ISBN: 978-93-80179-18-6
Pages: 321
Edition: Reserved
File Size: 27 MB
File Type: pdf
Language: English

Description of Basics of Horticulture

India with diverse soil and climate comprising several Agro-ecological regions provides ample opportunity to grow a variety of horticulture crops. These crops form a significant part of total agricultural produce in the country comprising of fruits, vegetables, root and tuber crops, flowers, ornamental plants, medicinal and aromatic plants, spices, condiments, plantation crops and mushrooms. It is estimated that all the horticulture crops put together cover nearly 11-6 million hectares area with an annual production of 91 million tonnes. Though these crops occupy hardly 7 per cent of the cropped area they contribute over 18 per cent to the gross agricultural output in the country.

Horticultural crops papaya unique role in India's economy by improving the income of the rural people. Cultivation of these crops is labor intensive and as such they generate lot of employment opportunities for the rural population. Fruits and vegetables are also rich source of vitamins, minerals, proteins, carbohydrates etc. which are essential in human nutrition. Hence, these are referred to as protective foods and assumed great importance as nutritional security of the people. Thus, cultivation of horticultural crops plays a vital role in the prosperity of a nation and is directly linked with the health and happiness of the people.

The Basics of Horticulture book attempts to provide all fundamental aspects of horticulture. After the introductory chapter, it discusses systematically the topics like anatomy and morphology of crops, plant nutrition, soil fertility, methods of plant propagation, various horticultural practices, etc. Not only that, the state of the art developments in areas like establishment and management of gardens; weed, pest and disease management, harvesting and packaging of horticultural products; horticultural marketing trends, etc have also been reviewed in the book. By reading Basics of Horticulture book, students will learn how and why plants grow and develop and sailed.
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