Op Tandon Inorganic Chemistry pdf

Op Tandon Inorganic Chemistry pdf

Author:
Dr. O.P. Tandon
Published in: G.R. Bathla Publications
Release Year: 2000
ISBN: 978-9385-9-2447-7
Pages: 997
Edition: First Edition
File Size: 76 MB
File Type: pdf
Language: English



Description of 
Op Tandon Inorganic Chemistry


Inorganic Chemistry by O.P. Tandan is a great book for study elementary chemistry include JEE & IIT solved paper available in (eBook) PDF download. "Inorganic Chemistry for Competitions" has primarily, been written with the aim of meeting the needs and interests of students seeking admission to professional courses especially in engineering and medical. This is an age of tough competition where only the best survive. No doubt, the syllabus for various entrance tests is nearly the same as for intermediate or 10+2 examinations, yet even good students fail to qualify as the standard of these tests is comparatively high and seats in engineering and medical colleges are limited.

The present trend in competitive examinations is the stress on an objective rather than a subjective treatment of the subject matter. Critical scrutiny of the question papers of previous years of various entrance tests reveals that a variety of questions such as very short answer type, short answer type, fill in the blanks, true and false, match the column, multiple-choice, numerical type are usually asked. In order to answer these questions, the students must be well equipped with a thorough knowledge of the subject and its application. With these objectives in mind, I have tried to present inorganic chemistry for competitions covering the whole of the syllabus of nearly all the competitions. The complete subject matter has been arranged in a systematic manner. 

Every topic has been dealt with precisely and to the point in a simple and understandable language. Things have been explained with proper reasoning wherever possible. A good number of illustrations and solved problems based on structure and properties including numerical problems have been provided to understand the theoretical aspect. Due emphasis has been given on group discussions of various groups of the periodic table. Flow-sheet diagrams have been provided to simplify the extraction of various metals, preparation of a number of compounds and their properties. At the end of each chapter, a good number of questions of various types have been given for self-assessment. It is my belief that students will be duly rewarded if they attempt these questions honestly and sincerely after learning a particular topic. Necessary hints have been given wherever it is felt necessary.

Human efforts are never perfect. In spite of my best efforts, I am aware of the possible errors and omissions that have escaped my notice. I shall, therefore, be extremely thankful to the learned teachers who will extend their cooperation by sending their valuable criticism, suggestions, and observations for further improvement of the book. I consider it my duty to pay thanks to the authors and publishers of the books which I have consulted during the preparation of the manuscript. My sincere thanks are due to Shri Manoj Kumar Bathla, Proprietor, MIs G.R. Bathla & Sons, Shri Shiv Charan Sohal (Artist) for the whole-hearted cooperation in the preparation and publication of Op Tandon Inorganic Chemistry book. I am also thankful to Dr. A.K. Virmani and Dr. A.S. Singh for their encouragement, cooperation, and guidance in the preparation of the manuscript of Op Tandon Inorganic Chemistry book. Finally, I thank my wife and children for the help they have extended in proof-reading.

Content of Op Tandon Inorganic Chemistry



Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties



1.1 Introduction (1),

1.2 Earlier Attempts of Classification of Elements (2), 

1.3 Mendeleev's Periodic Law and Original Periodic Table (3),

1.4 Modem Periodic Law and Modified Form of Mendeleev's Periodic Table (4),

1.5 Naming the Elements (9), 

1.6 Electronic Configurations and the Periodic Table (11), 

1.6.1 Periodic Table of the Elements (Long Form- Representing Electron Configurations) (14), 

1.7 Extended or Long Form of Periodic Table (17), 

1.7.1 Periodic Table of the Elements (Long Form) (18), 

1.8 Position of an Element on the Basis of Electronic Configuration (22), 

1.9 Atomic Properties of Periodic Properties of Elements (23), 

1.10 The Screening Effect or Shielding Effect (24), 

1.11 Effective Nuclear Charge (24), 

1.12 Atomic Radius (24), 

1.13 Ionic Radius (28), 

1.14 Ionisation Enthalpy or Ionisation Potential (29), 

1.15 Electron Gain Enthalpy or Electron Affinity (31), 

1.16 Electronegativity (33), 

1.17 Some other Properties in which Periodicity is Observed (34), 

Some Solved Problems (37), 

Summary and Important Points to Remember (41), 

Practice Problems (44), 

Answers (48), 

Illustrations of Objective Questions (49), 

Objective Questions (51), 

Answers (59), 

Objective Questions for IIT Aspirants (60), 

Answers (62), 

Matrix Matching Questions for IIT Aspirants (62), 

Answers (63), 

Assertion-Reason: Type Questions (63), 

Answers (63), 

Thought Type Questions (64), 

Answers (66), 

Integer Answer Type Questions (67), 

Answers (67).


Chemical Bonding




2.1 Introduction (68)

2.2 Cell Use of Chemical Combination (69), 

2.3 LeWis Symbols of Elements (70), 

2.4 Electronic Theory of Valency (70), 

2.5 Electrovalenfor Ionic Bond (70), 

2.6 Determination of Lattke Energy (73), 

2.7 Types of Ions (74), 

2.8 Method of Writing Formula of an Ionic Co~pound (74), 

2.9 Difference between Atornsand Ions (75), 

2.10 General Characteristics  of Electrovalent Compounds (75), 

2.11 Varia~l~ Electrovalency (77),

2.12 Covalent Bond (78),

2.13 Covalency (79), 

2.14 Covalent Compounds (80), 

2.15 Covalent Molecules of Elements (80), 

2.16 Characteristics of Covalent Compounds (80), 

2.17 Comparison between Ionic and / Covalent Bonds (81), 

2.18 Comparison between Ionic and Covalent Compounds (81),

2.19 Coordinate Bond (81),

2.20 Failure of Octet Rule (83), 

2.21 Lewis Formulae for Molecules and Polyatomic Ions (84), 

2.22 Formal Charge (88), 

2.23 Polarity ofCovruent Bond (89),

2.24 Dipole Moment (90),

2.25 Polarisation (Change of Ionic Character to Covalent Character) (92), 

2.26 Hydrogen Bonding (93), 

2.27 Modem Concept of Covalent Bond (95),

2.28 Hybridization (97), 

2.29 Resonance (101),

2.30 Prediction of Geometry (Shape) of Covalent Molecules (102), 

2.31 Valenc~ Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) Theory (104),

2.32 Bond Characteristics (107), 

2.33 Odd Electron Bonds (l09), 

2.34 Molecular Orbital Theory (109), 

2.35 Metallic Bonding (118), 

Some Solved Problems (119), 

Summary and Important Points to Remember (123), 

Practice Problems (128), 

Answers (132), 

Illustrations of Objective Questions (134), 

Objective Questions (136), 

Answers (148), 

Objective Questions for lIT Aspirants (149), 

Answers (151);

Matrix Matching Questions for lIT Aspirants (152), 

Answers (152), 

Assertion-Reason Type Questions (152), 

Answers(153), 

Thought Type Questions (153), 

Answers (156), 

Integer Answer Type Questions (156), 

Answers (156).


Acids and Bases




3.1 Introduction (157), 

3.2 Arrhenius Concept (157), 

3.3 Bronsted-Lowry Concept (159), 

3.4 Lewis Concept (161 ),

3.5 The Lux-Flood Concept (163), 

3.6 Usanovich Concept (163),

3.7 Hard and Soft Acids and Bases (163), 

3.8 Some General Trends in Acidic and Basic Properties (164), 

Summary and Important Points to Remember (166), 

Practice Problems (168), 

Answers (170), 

illustrations of Objective Questions (171), 

Objective Questions (172), 

Answers (175), 

Objective Questions for IIT Aspirants (175), 

Answers (175), 

Matrix Matching Questions for lIT Aspirants (176), 

Answers (176), 

Assertion-Reason Type Questions (176), 

Answers (176), 

Integer Answer Type Questions (177), 

Answers (177).


General Principles of Extraction of Metals




4.1 Occurrence of Elements (178), 

4.2 Occurrence of Metals (180), 

4.3 Metallurgy (181),

4.4 Concentration or Dressing of Ore (l81), 

4.5 Extraction or Isolation of Crude Metals (183), 

4.6 Thermodynamic Principles of Metallurgy (186), 

4.7 Applications of Elling ham Diagram in Pyrometallurgy (188), 

4.8 Third Operation-Refining or Purification (189),

4.9 Furnaces (191), 

4.10 Refractory Materials (192), 

Mineral Resources of India (193), 

Some Solved Problems (193), 

Summary and Important Points to Remember (195), 

Practice Problems (198), 

Answers (199), 

illustrations of Objective Questions (200), 

Objective Questions (201), 

Answers (205), 

Objective Questions for lIT Aspirants (206), 

Answers (206), 

Matrix Matching Questions for lIT Aspirants (206), 

Answers (207), 

Assertion-Reason Type Questions (207), 

Answers (207), 

Integer Answer Type Questions (208), 

Answers (208). 


Hydrogen and its Compounds




 5.1 Position of Hydrogen in Periodic Table (216), 

5.2 Discovery and Occurrence (217),

5.3 Preparation (217), 

5.4 Manufacture of Hydrogen (219), 

5.5 Properties of Hydrogen (220), 

5.6 IndustrialApplications (221), 

5.6.1 Hydrogen Economy (222), 

5.7 Hydrides (223), 

5.8 Special Forms of Hydrogen (227), 

5.9 Isotopes of Hydrogen (227),

5.10 Heavy Hydrogen or Deuterium, (228),

5.11 Tritium (~H.or iT) (229), 

5.12 Heavy Water or Deuterium Oxide (D20) (230), 

5.13 Water (231), 

5.14 Hard and Soft Water (234), 

5.15 Hydrogen Peroxide (236), 

Summary and Important Points to Remember (245), 

Practice Problems (248), 

Answers (250), 

Illustrations of Objective Questions (251), 

Objective Questions (253), 

Answers (259), 

Objective Questions for IIT Aspirants (260),

Answers (260), 

Matrix Matching Questions for IIT Aspirants (260), 

Answers (260), 

Assertion- Reason Type Questions (261); 

Answers (261), 

Thought Type Questions (261), 

Answers (263), 

Brain Storming Problems (263), 

Integer Answer Type Questions (265), 

Answers (265).


Alkali Metals and their Compounds


6.1 Position of Alkali Metals in Periodic Table (266), 

6.2 Abnormal Behaviour of Lithium (272), 

6.2.1 Diagonal Relationship: Similarities with Magnesium (272), 

6.3 Lithium (273), 604 Sodium (276), 

6.5 Compounds of Sodium (278), 

6.6 Potassium (289), 

Summary and Important Points to Remember (293), 

Practice Problems (296), 

Answers (299), 

Illustrations of Objective Questions (300), 

Objective Questions (302), 

Answers (308), 

Objective Questions for IIT Aspirants (309), 

Answers (310), 

Matrix Matching Questions for IIT Aspirants (311), 

Answers (311), 

Assertion-Reason Type Questions (311), 

Answers (312), 

Thought Type Questions (312), 

Answers (313), 

Brain Storming Problems (313), 

Integer Answer Type Questions (315), 

Answers (315).


Alkaline Earth Metals and their Compounds




7.1 Position of Alkaline Earth Metals in Periodic Table (316), 

7.2 Solubility of Compounds of Alkaline Earth Metals (322), 

7.3 Difference between Alkaline Earth Metals and Alkali Metals (323), 

7.4 Abnormal BehaviouiofBeryllium (323), 

7.5 Similarities (Diagonal Relationship) between Beryllium and Aluminium (324), 

7.6 Magnesium (325),

7.7 Calcium (329), 

7.8 Compounds of Barium (334), 

Some Solved Problems (335), 

Summary and Important Points to Remember (337), 

Practice Problems (340), 

fill answers (343), 

Illustrations of Objective Questions (344), 

Objective Questions (346), 

Answers (351), 

Objective Questions for lIT AspiraIl~ (352), 

Answers (353), 

Matrix Matching Questions for ITT Aspirants (354), 

Answers (354), 

Assertion-Reason Type Questions (354), 

Answers (355), 

Thought Type Questions (355), 

Answers (356), 

Integer Answer Type Questions (356), 

Answers (356),


Elements of Group I~IA or 13 (Iron Ind Aluminium)




8.1 General Characteristics of Group [I] A or 13 Elements (362), 

8.2 Abnormal Behaviour ofJ30ron (368), 

8.3 Comparison of Boron and Aluminium (368),

8.4 Diag6pal Relationship of Boron and Silicon (370), 

8.5 Boron (371),

8.6 Compounds of Boron (372),

8.7 Aluminium (378), 

8.8 Compounds of Aluminium (382), 

8.9 Goldschmidt's Alumino- Thermic Process (384), 

Some Solved Problems (384), 

Summary and Important Points to Remember (387), 

Practice Problems (390), 

Answers (393), 

Illustrations of Objective Questions (394),

Objective Questions (396), 

Answers (402), 

Objective Questions for lIT Aspirants (403), 

Answers (404), 

Assertion-Reason Type Questions (404), 

Answers (405), 

Thought Type Questions (405), 

Answers (406), 

Brain Storming Problems (406), 

Integer Answer Type Questions (407), 

Answers (407).


Elements of Group IVA or 14




9.1 Position in Periodic table (408), 

9.2 Comparison of Carbon and Silicon (412), 

9.3 Comparision of Tin and Lead (414),

9.4 Carbon (415), 

9.5 Compounds of Carbon (418), 

9.6 Silicon (425),

9.7 Compounds of Silicon (426),

9.8 Tin (430), 

9.9 Compounds of Tin (431),

9.10 Lead or Plumbum: (433),

9.11 CompOunds of Lead (435), 

Some Solved Problems (437), 

Summary and Important Points to Remember (440), 

Practice Problems (443), 

Answers (446), 

Illustrations of Objective Questions (448), 

Objective Questions (449), 

Answers (455), 

Objective Questions for lIT Aspirants (456), 

Answers (457), 

Assertion-Reason Type Questions (457), 

Answers (458), 

Thought Type Questions (458), 

Answers (459), 

Brain Storming Problems (459), 

Integer Answer Type Questions (460),

Answers (460),


Elements of Group VA or 15 (Elements of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Family)




10.1 Position in Periodic Table (461), 

10.2 Abnormal Behaviour of Nitrogen (466), 

10.3 Nitrogen (N2) (467), 

10.4 Important Compounds of Nitrogen (469), 

10.5 Nitrates (485), 

10.6 Phosphorus (486), 

10.7 Compounds of Phosphorus (489), 

10.8 Arsenious Oxide or Arsenic Trioxide (497), 

10.9 Fertilizers (498), 

Some Solved Problems (501)

Summary and Important Poiqtsto Remember (504), 

Practice Problems (509), 

Answers (513), 

Illustrations of ObjeCtive Questions (515), 

Objective Questions (517), 

Answers (524), 

Objective Questions for IIT Aspirants (524), 

Answers (525), 

Assertion-Reason Type Questions (526), 

Answers (526), 

Thought Type Questions (526), 

Answers (528), 

Brain Storming Problems (528), 

Integer Answer Type Questions (529), 

Answers (529).

Elements of group VIA or 16 (The Oxygen Family)



11.1 Position in Periodic Table (530), 

11.2 Abnormal Behaviour of Oxygen (535), 

11.3 Dissimilarities between Oxygen and Sulphur (535), 

11.4 Oxygen (536), 

11.5 Oxides (537), 

11.6 Ozone (539), 

11.7 Sulphur (542), 

11.8 Compounds of Sulphur (543), 

Some Solved Problems (555), 

Summary and Important Points to Remember (557), 

Practice Problems (561), 

Answers (564), 

Illustrations of Objective Questions (565), 

Objective Questions (567), 

Answers (571), 

Objective Questions for IIT Aspirants (572), 

Answers (573),

Assertion-Reason Type Questions (573), 

Answers (574), 

Thought Type: Questions (574), 

Answers (575), 

Integer Answer Type Questions (575), 

Answers (575),


Elements of Group VilA or 17 (Halogens)



12.1 Position in Periodic Table (576), 

12.2 Anomalous Behaviour of Fluorine (580), 

12.3 Fluorine (581), 

12.4 Chlorine (582), 

12.5 Bromine (586), 

12.6 Iodine (588), 

12.7 Halogen Acids or Hydracids (591), 

12.8 Oxides of Chlorine (595),

12.9 Oxy-Acids of Chlorine (596), 

12.10 Interhalogen Compounds (600), 

12.11 Polyhalides (601), 

12.12 Basic Properties of Iodine (602),

11.13 Pseudohalides and Pseudohalogens (602), 

Some Solved Problems (602), 

Summary and Important Points to Remember (605), 

Practice Problems (608), 

Answers (611), 

Illustrations of Objective Questions (613); 

Objective Questions (615), 

Answers (620), 

Objective Questions for IIT-Aspirants (620), 

Answers (621), 

Assertion- Reason Type Questions (622),

Answers (622), 

Thought Type Questions (622), 

Answers (623), 

IntegerAnswer Type Questions (624), 

Answers(624),


The Elements of 18 or Zero Group (Inert Gases or Noble Gases)




13.1 Position in the Periodic Table (625), 

13.2 Occurrence (627), 

13.3 History of the Discovery of Noble Gases (627), 

13.4 Isolation of Noble Gases from the Atmosphere (628), 

13.5 Separation of Noble Gases (629), 

13.6 Uses of Noble Gases (630), 

13.7 Compounds of Noble Gases (631), 

13.8 Importance of Noble Gases in Theoretical Chemistry (634), 

13.9 Determination of Atomic Mass of a Noble Gas (635), 

Summary and Important Points to Remember (635), 

Practice Problems (637), 

Answers (638), 

Objective Questions (639), 

Answers (642), 

Objective Questions for lIT Aspirants (642), 

Answers (642), 

Matrix Matching Questions for lIT Aspirants (642), 

Answers (643), 

Assertion-Reason Type Questions (643),

Answers (644), 

Thought Type Question (644), 

Answers (644), 

Integer AnswerType Questions (644), 

Answers (644),


Transition Elements or F-block Elements and D-block Elements




14.1 Introduction (651), 

14.2 Electronic Configuration (652), 

14.3 General Characteristics of Transition Elements (654), 

14.4 Chemistry of Chromium (661), 

14.5 Potassium Dichromate, K2Cr207 (662), 

14.6 Chemistry of Manganese (663), 

14.7 Potassium Permanganate, KMn04 (664), 

14.8 Position of Iron in Periodic Table (666), 

14.9 Extraction of Iron (667), 

14.10 Types of Iron(669), 

14.11 PassivityofIron(672), 

14.12 Compounds of Iron (672),

14.13 Corrosion of Iron (674), 

14.14 Position of Coinage Metals in Periodic Table (675), 

14.15 Copper (678), 14.16 Compounds of Copper (683), 

14.17 Silver (687), 

14.18 Compounds of Silver (690), 

14.19 Gold (692), 

14.20 Position of Zinc Family in Periodic Table (693), 

14.21 Zinc (695),

14.22 Compounds of Zinc (697), 

14.23 Mercury (699), 

14.24 Compounds of Mercury (701), 

14.25 Photography (703), 

14.26 f Block Elements (704), 

14.27 General Characteristics of Lanthanides (705),

14.28 General Characteristics of Actinides (707),

14.29 Comparison of Lanthanides and Actinides (709), 

Some Solved Problems (710), 

Summary and important Points to Remember (719), 

Practice Problems (723), 

Answers (726), 

Questions Based on the Properties (728), 

Illustrations of Objective Questions (732), 

Objective Questions (734), 

Answers (746), 

Objective Questions for lIT Aspirants (747), 

Answers (748), 

Matrix Matching Questions for lIT Aspirants (749), 

Answers (749), 

Assertion-Reason Type Questions (750), 

Answers (750), 

Thought Type Questions (750), 

Answers (752), 

Brain Storming Problems (753), 

Integer Answer Type Questions (754), 

Answers (754).


Coordination Compounds and Organometallics




15.1 Molecular or Addition Compounds (755), 

15.2 Terminology of Coordination Compounds (756), 

15.3 Nomenclature of Coordination Compounds (760),

15.4 Werner's Coordination Theory (762),

15.5 Isomerism in Coordination Compounds (764), 

15.6 Bonding in Coordination Compounds (767), 

15.7 Stability of Coordination Compounds in Solutions (776),

15.8 Preparation of Coordination Compounds (777), 

15.9 Importance of Coordination Compounds (777), 

15.10 Organometallic Compounds (780), 

Some Solved Problems (782), 

Summary and Important Points to Remember (786), 

Practice Problems (789), 

Answers (791), 

Illustrations of Objective Questions (792), 

Objective Questions (794), 

Answers (801), 

Objective Questions for lIT Aspirants (801), 

Answers (803), 

Matrix Matching Questions for lIT Aspirants (804), 

Answers (804), 

Assertion-Reason Type Questions (805), 

Answers (805), 

Thought Type Questions (806), 

Answers (807), 

Brain Storming Problems (807), 

Integer Answer Type Questions (810), 

Answers (810).


Stoichiometry (Calculation based on the chemical equation.)




16.1 Introduction (816), 

16.2 Calculations Involving Mass-Mass Relationship (816), 

16.3 Calculations Involving Mass-Volume Relationship (820), 

16.4 Calculations Involving Volume-Volume Relationship (821), 

Some Miscellaneous Worked Problems (822), 

Practice Problems (with Hints and Answers) (828), 

Illustrations of Objective Questions (833), 

Objective Questions (835), 

Answers (839), 

Objective Questions for lIT Aspirants (839), 

Answers (841), 

Thought Type Questions (841), 

Answers (841), 

Integer Answer Type Questions (842), 

Answers (842). 


Volumetric Analysis




17.1 Introduction (843), 

17.2 Methods of Expressing Concentrations of Solutions (844), 

17.3 Types of Titrations (845), 

17.4 Determination of Equivalent Mass (847), 

17.5 Calculations of Volumetric Analysis (849), 

17.6 To Determine the Amount of Sodium Hydroxide and Sodium Carbonate in a given Mixture (854), 

17.6.1 To Determine the Amount of Sodium Carbonate and Bicarbonate ill a Mixture (854), 

17.7 Kjeldahl's Process (856), 

Some Miscellaneous Worked Problems (858), 

Practice Problems (864), 

Answers (870), 

Illustrations of Objective Questions (871), 

Objective Questions (873), 

Answers (878), 

Objective Questions for lIT Aspirants (879), 

Answers (881), 

Matrix Matching Questions for lIT Aspirants (881), 

Answers (881), 

Assertion-Reason Type Questions (881), 

Answers (882), 

Thought Type Questions (882),

Answers (883), 

Integer Answer Type Questions (883), 

Answers (883),


Qualitative Inorganic Analysis




18.1 Introduction (884), 

18.2 Identification of Acidic Radicals (884),

18.3 Identification of Acidic Radicals with Sodium Carbonate Extract (889), 

18.4 Identification of Basic Radicals (890), 

18.5 Chemical Reactions Involved in the Tests of Basic Radicals (894), 

18.6 Dry Tests (897), 

Some Solved Problems (899), 

Practice Problems (904), 

Answers (908), 

Illustrations of Objective Questions (909), 

Objective Questions (910), 

Answers(915), 

Objective Questions for lIT Aspirants (916), 

Answers (917), 

Matrix Matching Questions for lIT Aspirants (917), 

Answers (917), 

Assertion-Reason Type Questions (918), 

Answers (918), 

Thought Type Questions (918), 

Answers (919), 

Brain Storming Problems (919),

Environmental Chemistry



19.1 Introduction (927),

19.2 Components of Environment (928),

19.3 Environmental Pollution and Environmental Pollutants (932), 

19.4 Some Commonly used terms in Environmental Pollution (933), 

19.5 Types of Pollution (933), 

19.6 Air Pollution (934), 

19.7 Acid Rain (941), 

19.8 Smog (944), 

19.9 Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming (946), 

19.10 Ozone Layer and its Depletion (Stratospheric Pollution) (948), 

19.11 Water Pollution (950), 

19.12 Soil or Land Pollution (953), 

19.13 Strategies to Control Environmental Pollution (955),

19.14 Green Chemistry as an Alternative Tool for Reducing Pollution (956), 

Some Solved Problems (958), 

Practice Problems (960), 

Answers (962), 

Objective Questions (963), 

Answers (965), 

Objective Questions for lIT Aspirants (966), 

Answers (966), 

Assertion-Reason Type Questions (966), 

Answers (967), 

Thought Type Questions (967), 

Answers (967),

Miscellaneous


Type 1: Short and Very Short Questions

Type 2: Matching of Columns

Type 3: Multiple Choice-A. Multiple Choice-B

Type 4: Assertion·Reason Type

Type5: ThoughtTypeQuestions

Practice Papers (with Solutions)

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