Microbiology Principles and Explorations

Microbiology Principles and Explorations


Author:
Jacquelyn G. Black & Laura J. Black
Published in: John Wiley & Sons
Release Year: 2014
ISBN: 978-1-118-74316-4
Pages: 984
Edition: Ninth Edition
File Size: 73 MB
File Type: pdf
Language: English



Description of Microbiology Principles and Explorations


Microbiology Principles and Explorations development of microbiology—from Leeuwenhoek’s astonished observations of ‘‘animalcules,’’ to Pasteur’s first use of rabies vaccine on a human, to Fleming’s discovery of penicillin, to today’s race to develop an AIDS vaccine is one of the most dramatic stories in the history of science. To understand the roles microbes play in our lives, including the interplay between microorganisms and humans, we must examine, learn about, and study their world—the world of microbiology.

Microorganisms are everywhere. They exist in a range of environments from mountains and volcanoes to deep seas vents and hot springs. Microorganisms can be found in the air we breathe, in the food we eat, and even within our own body. In fact, we come in contact with countless numbers of microorganisms every day. Although some microbes can cause disease, most are not disease producers; rather they play a critical role in the processes that provide energy and make life possible. 

Microbiology Principles and Explorations, Some even prevent disease, and others are used in attempts to cure disease. Because play diverse roles in the world by microorganisms, microbiology continues to be an exciting and critical discipline of study. And because microbes affect our everyday lives, microbiology provides many challenges and offers many rewards. Look at your local newspaper, and you will find items concerning microbiology: to mention a few, reports on diseases such as AIDS, tuberculosis, and cancer; the resurgence of malaria and dengue fever, or ‘‘new’’ diseases.

Did you know that the microbes in your gut (the gut microbiome) affect you even before you are born? If your mother was obese during pregnancy, she had a low diversity of microbes in her gut, which she will pass on to you setting the stage for the development of obesity and diabetes later in you. As a woman approaches her delivery date, beneficial microbes migrate down to the birth canal where they will hopefully be passed on to her baby. But if it is premature or born by Caesarian section, it won’t get them. 

Even the milk of C-sectioned mothers lacks proper diversity of microbes–and it won’t catch up to normal for 6 months. But if the mother has been in labor for some hours before the C-section is done, the milk will be normal from day one. Hard labor causes a leaky gut which allows microbes to get into the circulation and reach the breast milk. So when you plan to have a baby, think of the microbial implications: lose weight before you get pregnant, don’t have unnecessary C-sections, and breastfeed. Those microbes are important.

Content of Microbiology Principles and Explorations


1 Scope and History of Microbiology 1

2 Fundamentals of Chemistry 27

3 Microscopy and Staining 51

4 Characteristics of Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells 77

5 Essential Concepts of Metabolism 115

6 Growth and Culturing of Bacteria 146

7 Microbial Genetics 179

8 Gene Transfer and Genetic Engineering 213

9 An Introduction to Taxonomy: The Bacteria 242

10 Viruses 272

11 Eukaryotic Microorganisms and Parasites 311

12 Sterilization and Disinfection 345

13 Antimicrobial Therapy 371

14 Host-Microbe Relationships and Disease Processes 405

15 Epidemiology and Nosocomial Infections 433

16 Innate Host Defenses 472

17 Basic Principles of Adaptive Immunity and Immunization 498

18 Immune Disorders 539

19 Diseases of the Eyes and Skin; Wounds and Bites 585

20 Urogenital and Sexually Transmitted Diseases 617

21 Diseases of the Respiratory System 650

22 Oral and Gastrointestinal Diseases 690

23 Cardiovascular, Lymphatic, and Systemic Diseases 733

24 Diseases of the Nervous System 772

25 Environmental Microbiology 801

26 Applied Microbiology 834

Glossary 866

Clinical Case Study Answers 894

Critical Thinking Questions Answers 896

Self-Quiz answers 904

Index 916
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