Nanomaterials for Fuel Cell Catalysis

Nanomaterials for Fuel Cell Catalysis


Author:
Kenneth I. Ozoemena & Shaowei Chen
Published in: Springer International Publishing
Release Year: 2016
ISBN: 978-3-319-29930-3
Pages: 583
Edition: First Edition
File Size: 23 MB
File Type: pdf
Language: English



Description of Nanomaterials for Fuel Cell Catalysis


Nanomaterials for Fuel Cell Catalysis The ready availability of sufficient energy resources is critical in virtually every aspect of our life. Whereas fossil fuels have remained our primary energy sources, extensive efforts have been devoted to fuel cell research in the past few decades, which represents a unique technology that will make substantial contributions to our energy needs by converting the chemical energy stored in small (organic) molecule fuels into electricity and, more importantly, exert minimal negative impacts on the environment. In fuel cell electrochemistry, the reactions typically involve the oxidation of fuel molecules at the anode and reduction of oxygen at the cathode. 
Both reactions require appropriate catalysts such that a sufficiently high current density can be generated for practical applications. Precious metals, in particular, the platinum group metals, have been used extensively as the catalysts of choice. Yet their high prices and limited reserves have severely hampered the widespread commercialization of fuel cell technologies. Therefore, a significant part of recent research efforts has been focused on the development of effective electrocatalysts with reduced or even zero amounts (and hence costs) of precious metals used that exhibit competitive or even improved electrocatalytic performance as compared to state-of-the-art platinum-based catalysts. 
Toward this end, it is imperative to understand the fundamental mechanisms involved such that an unambiguous structure-activity correlation may be established, from which the activity may then be further enhanced or even optimized. It should be recognized that the reaction mechanisms in fuel cell electrochemistry are rather complicated and not fully understood. Yet advances on the theoretical and experimental fronts have yielded significant insights that offer important guidelines in the design and engineering of fuel cell catalysts.

Content of Nanomaterials for Fuel Cell Catalysis


1 Electrochemistry Fundamentals: Nanomaterials Evaluation
and Fuel Cells ......................................... 1
Neil V. Rees
2 Recent Advances in the Use of Shape-Controlled Metal
Nanoparticles in Electrocatalysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Francisco J. Vidal-Iglesias, Jose ́ Solla-Gullo ́n, and Juan M. Feliu
3 Pt-Containing Heterogeneous Nanomaterials for Methanol
Oxidation and Oxygen Reduction Reactions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Hui Liu, Feng Ye, and Jun Yang
4 Synthesis and Electrocatalysis of Pt-Pd Bimetallic
Nanocrystals for Fuel Cells . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169
Ruizhong Zhang and Wei Chen
5 Integrated Studies of Au@Pt and Ru@Pt Core-Shell
Nanoparticles by In Situ Electrochemical NMR,
ATR-SERIES, and SERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225
Dejun Chen, Dianne O. Atienza, and Yue J. Tong
6 Recent Development of Platinum-Based Nanocatalysts
for Oxygen Reduction Electrocatalysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253
David Raciti, Zhen Liu, Miaofang Chi, and Chao Wang
7 Enhanced Electrocatalytic Activity of Nanoparticle Catalysts
in Oxygen Reduction by Interfacial Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 281
Christopher P. Deming, Peiguang Hu, Ke Liu, and Shaowei Chen
8 Primary Oxide Latent Storage and Spillover
for Reversible Electrocatalysis in Oxygen
and Hydrogen Electrode Reactions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 309
Milan M. Jaksic, Angeliki Siokou, Georgios D. Papakonstantinou,
and Jelena M. Jaksic
9 Metal-Organic Frameworks as Materials for Fuel Cell
Technologies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 367
Henrietta W. Langmi, Jianwei Ren, and Nicholas M. Musyoka
10 Sonoelectrochemical Production of Fuel Cell Nanomaterials . . . . . 409
Bruno G. Pollet and Petros M. Sakkas
11 Direct Ethanol Fuel Cell on Carbon Supported Pt Based
Nanocatalysts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 435
T.S. Almeida, N.E. Sahin, P. Olivi, T.W. Napporn,
G. Tremiliosi-Filho, A.R. de Andrade, and K.B. Kokoh
12 Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells: Nanostructured Materials
for the Electrooxidation of Alcohols in Alkaline Media . . . . . . . . . . 477
Hamish Andrew Miller, Francesco Vizza,
and Alessandro Lavacchi
13 Effects of Catalyst-Support Materials on the Performance
of Fuel Cells . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 517
Paul M. Ejikeme, Katlego Makgopa, and Kenneth I. Ozoemena
14 Applications of Nanomaterials in Microbial Fuel Cells . . . . . . . . . . 551
R. Fogel and J.L. Limson
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 577
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