Organic Chemistry

Organic Chemistry

Maitland Jones, Jr. & Steven A. Fleming
Published in: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc.
Release Year: 2014
ISBN: 978-0-393-91303-3
Pages: 1343
Edition: Fifth Edition
File Size: 19 MB
File Type: pdf
Language: English

Description of Organic Chemistry

Most students in our organic chemistry courses are not chemistry majors. We wrote an Organic Chemistry book for those students and anyone who wants a broad yet modern introduction to the subject. We stress general principles because it is impossible to memorize all the details of this vast subject. We want students to learn to make connections, recognize patterns and trends, and use a set of organizing principles to make the material more manageable and understandable. Students who will be taking standardized exams, like the MCAT, will benefit from using Organic Chemistry text and gaining a deep understanding of the material. We also believe that the skill of critical thinking is emphasized in Organic Chemistry text. This skill will help in science courses taken in the future and, more importantly, in future decision-making.
Although we have made substantial changes to the fifth edition that will benefit students using the Organic Chemistry book, the voice remains the same. It is personal and talks directly to the student not only about the material at hand but also about the “how and why” of organic chemistry. We believe it is much easier to enjoy, and learn, organic chemistry if a strong focus on “Where are we and why are we here?” and “What is the best way to do this?” is maintained. On occasion, we try to help students through a tough part of the subject by pointing out that it is tough and then suggesting ways to deal with it. When we talk to students, we try to use our experience to help them succeed, and the book tries to do the same thing.
Every chapter begins with a Preview section in which the coming chapter is outlined. At the end of the Preview, we describe the Essential Skills and Details students will need for the chapter. At exam time, students can use these sections as guides for study and review.
Organic chemistry is a highly visual subject. Organic chemists think by constructing mental pictures of molecules and communicate with each other by drawing pictures. To help students develop those same skills, we have added Visualize, Understand, Draw sections in each chapter. These sections highlight an important skill or concept and break it down into these three general steps with the goal of training students to use these same steps when they are solving problems.
One factor that can make organic chemistry difficult is that the new language must be learned. Organic chemists talk to each other using many different conventions and at least some of that language must be learned, or communication is impossible.
In addition to general treatments of nomenclature at the beginning of many chapters, we have incorporated numerous Convention Alerts in which aspects of the language that chemists use are highlighted.
Throughout the book, reference is made to the connection between organic chemistry and the world of biology. Almost every chapter has a section devoted to the biological relevance of new reactions discussed. We also have Applications Boxes to illustrate the relevance of the subject to students’ lives.
It can be a great help to be shown profitable (and unprofitable) approaches to problem-solving, and we use the Problem-Solving sections to provide that kind of direction. Each chapter has at least one of these sections with our advice about approaching a type of problem. 

Content of Organic Chemistry

1 Atoms and Molecules; Orbitals and Bonding 1
2 Alkanes 52
3 Alkenes and Alkynes 101
4 Stereochemistry 151
5 Rings 190
6 Substituted Alkanes: Alkyl Halides, Alcohols, Amines, Ethers,
Thiols, and Thioethers 229
7 Substitution Reactions: The SN2 and SN1 Reactions 267
8 Elimination Reactions: The E1 and E2 Reactions 331
9 Analytical Chemistry: Spectroscopy 367
10 Electrophilic Additions to Alkenes 441
11 More Additions to Ĭ Bonds 487
12 Radical Reactions 544
13 Dienes and the Allyl System: 2p Orbitals in Conjugation 588
14 Aromaticity 641
15 Substitution Reactions of Aromatic Compounds 693
16 Carbonyl Chemistry 1: Addition Reactions 765
17 Carboxylic Acids 833
18 Derivatives of Carboxylic Acids: Acyl Compounds 878
19 Carbonyl Chemistry 2: Reactions at the Ĝ Position 929
20 Carbohydrates 1026
21 Special Topic: Bioorganic Chemistry 1076
22 Special Topic: Amino Acids and Polyamino Acids
(Peptides and Proteins) 1104
23 Special Topic: Reactions Controlled by Orbital Symmetry 1153
24 Special Topic: Intramolecular Reactions and Neighboring
Group Participation 1203
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