THE BEHAVIOURAL ECOLOGY OF PARASITES

THE BEHAVIOURAL ECOLOGY OF PARASITES


Author:
E.E. Lewis & J.F. Campbell
Published in: CABI Publishing
Release Year: 2002
ISBN: 0 85199 615 9
Pages: 369
Edition: First Edition
File Size:2 MB
File Type: pdf
Language: English



Description of the Behavioural Ecology of Parasites

For the purpose of this work, we define parasitism as a two-trophic-level interaction where one participant causes harm to another through a symbiotic relationship. Although great strides have been made in understanding parasitic behavior, studies have been uneven across taxa and hampered by lack of communication among research disciplines. The last comprehensive treatment of parasite behavior was published as a special edition in the journal Parasitology in 1994, entitled ‘Parasites and behavior’, edited by M.V.K. Sukhdeo, but this treatise focused only on parasites of vertebrates. There has never been a book devoted to the behavioral adaptations of parasites in general. Thus, The Behavioural Ecology of Parasites addresses the behavioral adaptations of parasites across a broad range of taxa and expands beyond the traditional realm of parasitology to include invertebrate parasites, such as parasitoid wasps, entomopathogenic nematodes, seed-feeding insects and plant-parasitic nematodes. The chapters in this book emphasize the fundamental principles of parasitism, which apply across taxa, and address the diversity and sophistication of parasite behavioral adaptations. The chapters are arranged in four sections: Foraging for Hosts, Host Acceptance and Infection, Interactions among Parasites within Hosts, and Parasite–Host Interactions.
This project could not have been completed without a lot of assistance. We thank the authors for the time and effort they put into their contributions. We are particularly grateful for the assistance of Anne Keating, Stacey Hicks, Simone Sukhdeo and Suzanne Sukhdeo for copy-editing and compiling the book and Alex Hernandez for all the computer help.

Content of The Behavioural Ecology of Parasites



Part I: Foraging for Hosts
1. Trematode Transmission Strategies
C. Combes, P. Bartoli and A. Théron 1
2. Entomopathogenic Nematode Host-search Strategies
J.F. Campbell and E.E. Lewis 13
3. Flexibility in Host-search and Patch-use Strategies of Insect
Parasitoids
L.E.M. Vet, L. Hemerik, M.E. Visser and F.L. Wäckers 39

Part II: Host Acceptance and Infection
4. Host Discrimination by Seed Parasites
F.J. Messina 65
5. Soil and Plant Interactions’ Impact on Plant-parasitic
Nematode Host Finding and Recognition
A.F. Robinson 89
6. Environmental Control of Nematode Life Cycles
M.E. Viney 111

Part III: Interactions among Parasites within Host
7. The Interactions between Larval Stage Parasitoids and Their
Hosts
M.R. Strand 129

8. Interspecific Interactions in Trematode Communities
K.D. Lafferty 153
9. Niche Restriction and Mate Finding in Vertebrate Hosts
K. Rohde 171
10. Parasite Sex Determination
R.E.L. Paul 199

Part IV: Parasite–Host Interactions
11. Interactions between Intestinal Nematodes and
Vertebrate Hosts
M.V.K. Sukhdeo, S.C. Sukhdeo and A.D. Bansemir 223
12. Parasite Manipulation of Host Behaviour
R. Poulin 243
13. Parasite Manipulation of Vector Behaviour
J.G.C. Hamilton and H. Hurd 259
14. Parasite Virulence
J.J. Schall 283
15. The Behavioural Ecology of Social Parasitism in Ants
R.J. Stuart 315

Part V: Synthesis
16. Parasite Behavioural Ecology in a Field of Diverse
Perspectives
E.E. Lewis, J.F. Campbell and M.V.K. Sukhdeo 337
Index 349
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