Atlas of Trace Fossils in Well Core

Atlas of Trace Fossils in Well Core
 
Author:
Dirk Knaust
Publisher:
Springer
ISBN No: 978-3-319-49837-9
Release at: 2017
Pages: 219
Edition:
First Edition
File Size: 58 MB
File Type: pdf
Language: English



Description of Atlas of Trace Fossils in Well Core


Ichnological data are becoming more and more crucial in sedimentological and paleoenvironmental interpretation, not only in the exploration and exploitation of hydrocarbon but also in the characterization of aquifers and in scientific drilling. It has been prepared for an audience in the fields of sedimentology, paleontology, and petroleum geoscience from academia (graduate students and professionals) and industry (reservoir geologists).
This book offers a detailed description and interpretation of 39 commonly occurring ichnogenera together with recurrently associated features such as diffuse bioturbated texture, plant roots, and their traces, borings and pseudo-trace fossils.  This unique information is complemented by examples of trace fossils in outcrop, as well as relevant key figures from existing work.

Content of Atlas of Trace Fossils in Well Core



1 Introduction 1
References 2
2 Ichnological Basics, Principles and Concepts  5
2.1 Terminology and Definitions5
2.2 Some Principles  6
References 11
3 Applications of Trace-Fossil Analysis  13
3.1 Facies Interpretation  13
3.2 Stratigraphy  14
3.3 Reservoir Quality  14
References 19
4 Methodology in Ichnological Core Logging 21
4.1 Identification of Bounding Surfaces and Quantification of Bioturbation 21
4.2 Identification and Documentation of Key Trace Fossils  22
4.3 Analysis of Burrow Size and Tiering Patterns22
4.4 Quantification of Ichnodiversity and Ichnoabundance  24
4.5 Advanced Techniques and Methods  24
4.6 Neoichnological Approach and Analog Studies26
References 26
5 Selected Trace Fossils in Core and Outcrop27
5.1 Classification of Burrows 27
5.2 Arenicolites Salter, 1857 29
5.3 Artichnus Zhang et al., 200833
5.4 Asterosoma von Otto, 1854   34
5.5 Bergaueria Prantl, 1946          41
5.6 Bornichnus Bromley and Uchman, 2003       44
5.7 Camborygma Hasiotis and Mitchell, 1993       48
5.8 Chondrites von Sternberg, 1833         53
5.9 Conichnus Männil, 1966          59
5.10 Cylindrichnus Toots in Howard, 1966       65
5.11 Diplocraterion Torell, 1870        71
5.12 Hillichnus Bromley et al., 2003         79
5.13 Lingulichnus Hakes, 1976          82
5.14 Macaronichnus Clifton and Thompson, 1978     85
5.15 Nereites MacLeay in Murchison, 1839       90
5.16 Ophiomorpha Lundgren, 1891         93
5.17 Palaeophycus Hall, 1847         101
5.18 Paradictyodora Olivero et al., 2004        102
5.19 Parahaentzschelinia Chamberlain, 1971       106
5.20 Phoebichnus Bromley and Asgaard, 1972       109
5.21 Phycosiphon Fischer-Ooster, 1858        112
5.22 Planolites Nicholson, 1873         117
5.23 Rhizocorallium Zenker, 1836         120
5.24 Rosselia Dahmer, 1937          124
5.25 Schaubcylindrichnus Frey and Howard, 1981     129
5.26 Scolicia de Quatrefages, 1849         131
5.27 Scoyenia White, 1929          138
5.28 Siphonichnus Stanistreet et al., 1980       141
5.29 Skolithos Haldeman, 1840          145
5.30 Taenidium Heer, 1877          149
5.31 Teichichnus Seilacher, 1955        154
5.32 Thalassinoides Ehrenberg, 1944         159
5.33 Tisoa de Serres, 1840          163
5.34 Trichichnus Frey, 1970b          165
5.35 Virgaichnus Knaust, 2010a         168
5.36 Zoophycos Massalongo, 1855         172
5.37 Diffuse Bioturbate Texture         177
5.38 Plant Roots and Their Traces        179
5.39 Borings            183
5.40 Pseudo-trace Fossils           193
References             193
Index207
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