Atlas of Human Anatomy

Human Anatomy
 
Author:
Frank H. Netter
Release at: 2014
Pages: 791
Edition:
Seventh Edition
File Size: 113 MB
File Type: pdf
Language: English


Content of Atlas of Human Anatomy



SECTION 1  INTRODUCTION

Introduction

1  Body Planes and Terms of Relationship

2  Surface Anatomy: Regions (Anterior View of Female)

3  Surface Anatomy: Regions (Posterior View of Male)

4  Major Arteries and Pulse Points

5  Major Systemic Veins of the Cardiovascular System

6  General Organization of the Nervous System

7  Overview of the Lymphatic System

Electronic Bonus Plates

BP 1  Cross Section of Skin

BP 2  Pilosebaceous Unit

BP 3  Major Body Cavities

BP 4  Skeletal System: Axial and Appendicular Skeletons

BP 5  Types of Synovial Joints

BP 6  Joints: Connective Tissues and Articular Cartilage

BP 7  Architecture of Bone

BP 8  Muscular System

BP 9  Overview of the Gastrointestinal System

BP 10  Overview of the Endocrine System

BP 11  Neurons and Synapses

BP 12  Features of a Typical Peripheral Nerve

BP 13  Sites of Visceral Referred Pain

BP 14  General Organization of the Cardiovascular System

BP 15  Cardiovascular System: Composition of Blood

BP 16  Arterial Wall

SECTION 2  HEAD AND NECK

Surface Anatomy

8  Head and Neck: Surface Anatomy

Superficial Head and Neck

9  Cutaneous Nerves of Head and Neck

10  Superficial Arteries and Veins of Face and Scalp

Bones and Ligaments

11  Skull: Anterior View

12  Skull: Radiographs

13  Skull: Lateral View

14  Skull: Lateral Radiograph

15  Skull: Midsagittal Section

16  Calvaria

17  Cranial Base: Inferior View

18  Cranial Base: Superior View

19  Foramina and Canals of Cranial Base: Inferior View

20  Foramina and Canals of Cranial Base: Superior View

21  Skull of Newborn

22  Bony Framework of Head and Neck

23  Pterygoid Fossae

24  Mandible

25  Temporomandibular Joint

26  Cervical Vertebrae: Atlas and Axis

27  Cervical Vertebrae (continued)

28  Cervical Vertebrae: Uncovertebral Joints

29  External Craniocervical Ligaments

30  Internal Craniocervical Ligaments

Neck

31  Muscles of Facial Expression: Lateral View

32  Muscles of Neck: Anterior View

33  Fascial Layers of Neck

34  Cervical Fasciae

35  Infrahyoid and Suprahyoid Muscles

36  Muscles of Neck: Lateral View

37  Anterior and Lateral Cervical Muscles

38  Superficial Veins and Cutaneous Nerves of Neck

39  Nerves and Vessels of Neck

40  Nerves and Vessels of Neck (continued)

41  Carotid Arteries

Nasal Region

42  Nose

43  Lateral Wall of Nasal Cavity

44  Lateral Wall of Nasal Cavity (continued)

45  Medial Wall of Nasal Cavity (Nasal Septum)

46  Nerves of Nasal Cavity

47  Arteries of Nasal Cavity: Bony Nasal Septum Turned Up

48  Nerves of Nasal Cavity: Bony Nasal Septum Turned Up

49  Nose and Maxillary Sinus: Transverse Section

50  Paranasal Sinuses: Coronal and Transverse Sections

51  Paranasal Sinuses: Parasagittal Views

52  Paranasal Sinuses: Changes with Age

53  Salivary Glands

54  Facial Nerve Branches and Parotid Gland

55  Muscles Involved in Mastication

56  Muscles Involved in Mastication (continued)

57  Maxillary Artery

58  Proximal Maxillary and Superficial Temporal Arteries

59  Mandibular Nerve (CN V 3 )

60  Superior View of Infratemporal Fossa

61  Ophthalmic (CN V 1 ) and Maxillary (CN V 2 ) Nerves

62  Autonomic Innervation of Nasal Cavity

63  Nerves and Arteries of the Deep Face

64  Orientation of Nerves and Vessels of the Cranial Base

Oral Region

65  Inspection of Oral Cavity

66  Afferent Innervation of Oral Cavity and Tongue

67  Roof of Oral Cavity

68  Tongue and Salivary Glands: Sections

69  Floor of Oral Cavity

70  Tongue

71  Tongue (continued)

72  Fauces

73  Teeth

74  Teeth (continued)

Pharynx

75  Muscles of Pharynx: Partially Opened Posterior View

76  Posterior View of Pharynx: Nerves and Vessels

77  Pharynx: Medial View

78  Muscles of Pharynx: Medial View

79  Pharynx: Opened Posterior View

80  Pharyngoesophageal Junction

81  Muscles of Pharynx: Lateral View

82  Nerves of Oral, Head, and Neck Regions

83  Arteries of Oral and Pharyngeal Regions

84  Veins of Face and Neck Regions

85  Lymph Vessels and Nodes of Head and Neck

86  Lymph Vessels and Nodes of Pharynx and Tongue

Thyroid Gland and Larynx

87  Thyroid Gland: Anterior View

88  Thyroid Gland and Pharynx: Posterior View

89  Parathyroid Glands

90  Cartilages of Larynx

91  Intrinsic Muscles of Larynx

92  Nerves and Coronal Section of Larynx

93  Action of Intrinsic Muscles of Larynx

Orbit and Contents

94  Eyelids

95  Lacrimal Apparatus

96  Extrinsic Eye Muscles

97  Nerves of Orbit

98  Superior and Anterior Views of Orbit

99  Arteries and Veins of Orbit and Eyelids

100  Eyeball: Transverse Section

101  Anterior and Posterior Chambers of Eyeball

102  Lens and Supporting Structures

103  Intrinsic Arteries and Veins of Eye

104  Vascular Supply of Eye

Ear

105  Ear and Course of Sound in Cochlea

106  External Ear and Tympanic Cavity

107  Tympanic Cavity

108  Bony and Membranous Labyrinths

109  Bony and Membranous Labyrinths (continued)

110  Orientation of Labyrinths in Skull

Meninges and Brain

111  Meninges and Diploic Veins

112  Meningeal Arteries

113  Meninges and Superficial Cerebral Veins

114  Dural Venous Sinuses: Sagittal Section

115  Dural Venous Sinuses (continued)

116  Brain: Lateral Views

117  Brain: Medial Views

118  Brain: Inferior View

119  Ventricles of Brain

120  Circulation of Cerebrospinal Fluid

121  Basal Nuclei (Ganglia)

122  Thalamus and Related Structures

123  Hippocampus and Fornix

124  Brain Stem

125  Ventricles and Cerebellum

126  Cerebellum

Cranial and Cervical Nerves

127  Cranial Nerve Nuclei in Brain Stem: Schema

128  Cranial Nerve Nuclei in Brain Stem: Schema (continued)

129  Cranial Nerves (Motor and Sensory Distribution): Schema

130  Olfactory Nerve (CN I): Schema

131  Optic Nerve (CN II) (Visual Pathway): Schema

132  Oculomotor (CN III), Trochlear (CN IV), and Abducens (CN VI) Nerves: Schema

133  Trigeminal Nerve (CN V): Schema

134  Facial Nerve (CN VII): Schema

135  Vestibulocochlear Nerve (CN VIII): Schema

136  Glossopharyngeal Nerve (CN IX): Schema

137  Vagus Nerve (CN X): Schema

138  Accessory Nerve (CN XI): Schema

139  Hypoglossal Nerve (CN XII): Schema

140  Cervical Plexus: Schema

141  Autonomic Nerves in Neck

142  Autonomic Nerves in Head

143  Ciliary Ganglion: Schema

144  Pterygopalatine and Submandibular Ganglia: Schema

145  Otic Ganglion: Schema

146  Taste Pathways: Schema

Cerebral Vasculature

147  Arteries to Brain and Meninges

148  Internal Carotid Artery in Petrous Part of Temporal Bone

149  Arteries to Brain: Schema

150  Arteries of Brain: Inferior Views

151  Cerebral Arterial Circle (of Willis)

152  Arteries of Brain: Frontal View and Section

153  Arteries of Brain: Lateral and Medial Views

154  Arteries of Posterior Cranial Fossa

155  Veins of Posterior Cranial Fossa

156  Deep Veins of Brain

157  Subependymal Veins of Brain

158  Hypothalamus and Hypophysis

Regional Imaging

159  Cranial Imaging (MRA and MRV)

160  Cranial Imaging (MRI)

Structures with High Clinical Significance

Muscle Tables

Electronic Bonus Plates

BP17  3D Skull Reconstruction CTs

BP18  Degenerative Changes in Cervical Vertebrae

BP19  Atlantooccipital Junction

BP20  Muscles of Facial Expression: Anterior View

BP21  Musculature of Face

BP22  Paranasal Sinuses

BP23  Subclavian Artery

BP24  Opening of the Mandible

BP25  Afferent Innervation of Oral Cavity and Pharynx

BP26  Fasciae of Orbit and Eyeball

BP27  Tympanic Cavity

BP28  Anatomy of the Pediatric Ear

BP29  Auditory Tube (Eustachian)

BP30  Arteries and Veins of Hypothalamus and Hypophysis

BP31  Cranial Imaging (MRV and MRA)

BP32  Axial and Coronal MRIs of Brain

SECTION 3  BACK AND SPINAL CORD

Surface Anatomy

161  Back: Surface Anatomy

Bones and Ligaments 

162  Vertebral Column

163  Thoracic Vertebrae

164  Lumbar Vertebrae

165  Vertebrae: Radiograph and MRI

166  Sacrum and Coccyx

167  Vertebral Ligaments: Lumbosacral Region

168  Vertebral Ligaments: Lumbar Region

Spinal Cord

169  Spinal Cord and Anterior Rami

170  Relation of Spinal Nerve Roots to Vertebrae

171  Dermatomes

172  Sympathetic Nervous System: Schema

173  Parasympathetic Nervous System: Schema

174  Spinal Meninges and Nerve Roots

175  Spinal Nerve Origin: Cross Sections

176  Arteries of Spinal Cord: Schema

177  Arteries of Spinal Cord: Intrinsic Distribution

178  Veins of Spinal Cord and Vertebral Column

179  Veins of Vertebral Column: Vertebral Veins

Muscles and Nerves

180  Muscles of Back: Superficial Layer

181  Muscles of Back: Intermediate Layer

182  Muscles of Back: Deep Layer

183  Nerves of Back

184  Suboccipital Triangle

Cross-Sectional Anatomy

185  Lumbar Region of Back: Cross Section

186  Typical Thoracic Spinal Nerve: Cross Section

Structures with High Clinical Significance

Muscle Tables 

Electronic Bonus Plates 

BP33  Vertebral Ligaments

BP34  Cervical Spine: Radiographs

BP35  Cervical Spine: MRI and Radiograph

BP36  Thoracolumbar Spine: Lateral Radiograph

BP37  Lumbar Vertebrae: Radiographs

BP38  Lumbar Spine: MRIs

BP39  Sympathetic Nervous System: General Topography

BP40  Parasympathetic Nervous System: General Topography

BP41  Cholinergic and Adrenergic Synapses: Schema

BP42  Vertebral Veins: Detail Showing Venous Communications

BP43  Spinal Cord Cross Sections: Fiber Tracts

SECTION 4  THORAX

Surface Anatomy

187  Thorax: Surface Anatomy

Mammary Gland

188  Mammary Gland

189  Arteries of Mammary Gland

190  Lymph Vessels and Nodes of Mammary Gland

191  Lymphatic Drainage of Breast

Body Wall

192  Bony Framework of Thorax

193  Ribs and Associated Joints

194  Anterior Thoracic Wall


195  Anterior Thoracic Wall (continued)

196  Anterior Thoracic Wall: Internal View

197  Intercostal Nerves and Arteries

198  Veins of Internal Thoracic Wall

199  Phrenic Nerve

200  Respiratory Diaphragm: Thoracic Surface

201  Respiratory Diaphragm: Abdominal Surface

Lungs

202  Topography of Lungs: Anterior View

203  Topography of Lungs: Posterior View

204  Lungs in Situ: Anterior View

205  Lungs: Medial Views

206  Bronchopulmonary Segments

207  Bronchopulmonary Segments (continued)

208  Trachea and Major Bronchi

209  Bronchi and Intrapulmonary Airways

210  Great Vessels of Superior Mediastinum

211  Bronchial Arteries and Veins

212  Lymph Vessels and Nodes of Lung

213  Autonomic Nerves of Thorax

214  Innervation of Tracheobronchial Tree: Schema

Heart

215  Heart in Situ

216  Heart: Anterior Exposure

217  Heart: Radiographs and CT Angiogram; Auscultation of Heart

218  Heart: Base and Diaphragmatic Surface

219  Pericardial Sac

220  Mediastinum: Cross Section

221  Thorax: Coronal Section of Heart and Ascending Aorta

222  Coronary Arteries and Cardiac Veins

223  Coronary Arteries: Imaging

224  Right Atrium and Ventricle

225  Left Atrium and Ventricle

226  Valves and Fibrous Skeleton of Heart

227  Valves and Fibrous Skeleton of Heart (continued)

228  Atria, Ventricles, and Interventricular Septum

229  Conducting System of Heart

230  Nerves of Thorax

231  Innervation of Heart: Schema

232  Innervation of Blood Vessels: Schema

233  Prenatal and Postnatal Circulation

Mediastinum

234  Mediastinum: Right Lateral View

235  Mediastinum: Left Lateral View

236  Esophagus in Situ

237  Topography and Constrictions of Esophagus

238  Musculature of Esophagus

239  Esophagogastric Junction

240  Arteries of Esophagus

241  Veins of Esophagus

242  Lymph Vessels and Nodes of Esophagus

243  Nerves of Esophagus

Regional Scans

244  Chest Scans: Axial CT Images

Cross-Sectional Anatomy

245  Cross Section of Thorax at T3 Level

246  Cross Section of Thorax at T3-4 Disc Level

247  Cross Section of Thorax at T4-5 Disc Level

248  Cross Section of Thorax at T7 Level

Structures with High Clinical Significance

Muscle Table

Electronic Bonus Plates 

BP44  Respiratory System

BP45  Cervical Ribs and Related Anomalies

BP46  Muscle Attachments of Ribs

BP47  Muscles of Respiration

BP48  Intrapulmonary Airways: Schema

BP49  Intrapulmonary Blood Circulation: Schema

BP50  Gas Exchange

BP51  Anterior Aspect of Heart

BP52  Coronary Arteries: Right Anterior Oblique Views with

Arteriograms

BP53  Coronary Arteries and Cardiac Veins: Variations

BP54  Intrinsic Nerves and Variations in Nerves of Esophagus

BP55  Arteries of Esophagus: Variations

BP56  Thorax: Coronal Section (Midaxillary Line, Tracheal

Bifurcation, Left Atrium)

BP57  Thorax: Coronal CTs

SECTION 5  ABDOMEN 

Surface Anatomy

249  Abdomen: Surface Anatomy

Body Wall

250  Bony Framework of Abdomen

251  Regions and Planes of Abdomen

252  Anterior Abdominal Wall: Superficial Dissection

253  Anterior Abdominal Wall: Intermediate Dissection

254  Anterior Abdominal Wall: Deep Dissection

255  Rectus Sheath: Cross Section

256  Anterior Abdominal Wall: Internal View

257  Posterolateral Abdominal Wall

258  Arteries of Anterior Abdominal Wall

259  Veins of Anterior Abdominal Wall

260  Nerves of Anterior Abdominal Wall

261  Thoracoabdominal Nerves

262  Inguinal Region: Dissections

263  Inguinal Canal and Spermatic Cord

264  Femoral Sheath and Inguinal Canal

265  Posterior Abdominal Wall: Internal View

266  Arteries of Posterior Abdominal Wall

267  Veins of Posterior Abdominal Wall

268  Lymph Vessels and Nodes of Posterior Abdominal Wall

269  Nerves of Posterior Abdominal Wall

Peritoneal Cavity

270  Greater Omentum and Abdominal Viscera

271  Mesenteric Relations of Intestines

272  Mesenteric Relations of Intestines (continued)

273  Omental Bursa: Stomach Reflected

274  Omental Bursa: Cross Section

275  Peritoneum of Posterior Abdominal Wall Viscera (Gut)

276  Stomach in Situ

277  Mucosa of Stomach

278  Duodenum in Situ

279  Mucosa and Musculature of Small Intestine

280  Ileocecal Region

281  Ileocecal Region (continued)

282  (Vermiform) Appendix

283  Mucosa and Musculature of Large Intestine

Viscera (Accessory Organs) 

284  Surfaces and Bed of Liver

285  Liver in Situ: Vascular and Duct Systems

286  Liver Structure: Schema

287  Gallbladder, Extrahepatic Bile Ducts, and Pancreatic Duct

288  Pancreas in Situ

289  Spleen

Visceral Vasculature

290  Arteries of Stomach, Liver, and Spleen

291  Arteries of Liver, Pancreas, Duodenum, and Spleen

292  Celiac Arteriogram and CT Angiogram

293  Arteries of Duodenum and Head of Pancreas

294  Arteries of Small Intestine

295  Arteries of Large Intestine

296  Veins of Stomach, Duodenum, Pancreas, and Spleen

297  Veins of Small Intestine

298  Veins of Large Intestine

299  Hepatic Portal Vein Tributaries: Portacaval Anastomoses

Innervation 

300  Autonomic Nerves and Ganglia

301  Autonomic Innervation of Stomach and Duodenum

302  Autonomic Innervation of Stomach and Duodenum (continued)

303  Autonomic Innervation of Esophagus, Stomach, and

Duodenum: Schema

304  Autonomic Innervation of Small Intestine

305  Autonomic Innervation of Large Intestine

306  Autonomic Innervation of Intestines: Schema

307  Autonomic Reflex Pathways: Schema

308  Enteric Plexuses of Intestine

309  Autonomic Innervation of Liver: Schema

310  Autonomic Innervation of Pancreas: Schema

Kidneys and Suprarenal Glands

311  Kidneys in Situ: Anterior Views

312  Kidneys in Situ: Posterior Views

313  Renal Artery and Vein in Situ

314  Gross Structure of Kidney

315  Intrarenal Arteries and Renal Segments

316  Ureters in Abdomen and Pelvis

317  Arteries of Ureters and Urinary Bladder

318  Renal Fasciae

319  Lymph Vessels and Nodes of Kidneys and Urinary Bladder

320  Autonomic Nerves of Kidneys, Ureters, and Urinary Bladder

321  Autonomic Innervation of Kidneys and Upper Ureters: Schema

322  Autonomic Nerves of Suprarenal Glands: Dissection and Schema

323  Arteries and Veins of Suprarenal Glands in Situ

324  Abdominal Wall and Viscera: Paramedian (Parasagittal) Section

Lymphatics

325  Abdominal and Pelvic Lymphatics: Schema

Regional Scans

326  Abdominal Scans: Axial CT Images

327  Abdominal Scans: Axial CT Images (continued)

Cross-Sectional Anatomy

328  Cross Section at T10, Esophagogastric Junction

329  Cross Section at T12, Inferior to Xiphoid

330  Cross Section at T12–L1, Intervertebral Disc

331  Cross Section at L1–2, Intervertebral Disc

332  Cross Section at L3–4

Structures with High Clinical Significance

Muscle Table

Electronic Bonus Plates

BP58  Inguinal and Femoral Regions

BP59  Indirect Inguinal Hernia

BP60  Variations in Position and Contour of Stomach in Relation to

Body Habitus

BP61  Layers of Duodenal Wall

BP62  CT and MRCP Showing Appendix, Gallbladder, and Ducts;

Nerve Branches of Hepatic Artery

BP63  Topography of Liver

BP64  Variations in Form of Liver

BP65  Sigmoid Colon: Variations in Position

BP66  Variations in Arterial Supply to Cecum and Posterior

Peritoneal Attachment of Cecum

BP67  Variations in Pancreatic Duct

BP68  Variations in Cystic, Hepatic, and Pancreatic Ducts

BP69  Variations in Cystic Arteries

BP70  Variations in Hepatic Arteries

BP71  Variations and Anomalies of Hepatic Portal Vein

BP72  Variations in Celiac Trunk

BP73  Variations in Colic Arteries

BP74  Variations in Colic Arteries (continued)

BP75  Variations in Renal Artery and Vein

BP76  Histology of Renal Corpuscle

BP77  Nephron and Collecting Tubule: Schema

BP78  Blood Vessels in Parenchyma of Kidney: Schema

BP79  Lymph Vessels and Nodes of Stomach

BP80  Lymph Vessels and Nodes of Pancreas

BP81  Lymph Vessels and Nodes of Small Intestine

BP82  Lymph Vessels and Nodes of Large Intestine

BP83  Lymph Vessels and Nodes of Liver

BP84  Schematic Cross Section of Abdomen at Middle T12

BP85  Transverse Section of Abdomen: Level of L5, Near

Transtubercular Plane

BP86  Transverse Section of Abdomen: Level of S1, Anterior

Superior Iliac Spine

BP87  Axial CT Image of Upper Abdomen

SECTION 6  PELVIS AND PERINEUM

Surface Anatomy 

333  Pelvis and Perineum: Surface Anatomy

Bones and Ligaments

334  Bony Framework of Pelvis

335  Male and Female Pelvis: Radiographs

336  Sex Differences of Pelvis: Measurements

337  Bones and Ligaments of Pelvis

338  Bones and Ligaments of Pelvis (continued)

Pelvic Floor and Contents

339  Pelvic Diaphragm: Female

340  Pelvic Diaphragm: Female (continued)

341  Pelvic Diaphragm: Female (continued)

342  Pelvic Diaphragm: Male

343  Pelvic Diaphragm: Male (continued)

344  Pelvic Contents: Female

345  Pelvic Viscera and Perineum: Female

346  Pelvic Viscera: Female

347  Endopelvic Fascia and Potential Spaces

348  Pelvic Contents: Male

349  Pelvic Viscera and Perineum: Male

Urinary Bladder

350  Urinary Bladder: Orientation and Supports

351  Female Sphincters

352  Urinary Bladder: Female and Male

Uterus, Vagina, and Supporting Structures

353  Uterus, Vagina, and Supporting Structures

354  Uterus: Fascial Ligaments

355  Uterus and Adnexa

356  Female Pelvic Relationships

357  Pelvic Ligaments

Perineum and External Genitalia: Female

358  Female Perineum and External Genitalia (Pudendum or Vulva)

359  Female Perineum (Superficial Dissection)

360  Female Perineum and Deep Perineum

361  Female Perineal Spaces

Perineum and External Genitalia: Male

362  Male Perineum and External Genitalia (Superficial Dissection)

363  Male Perineum and External Genitalia (Deeper Dissection)

364  Penis

365  Male Perineal Spaces

366  Prostate Gland and Seminal Vesicles

367  Urethra

368  Descent of Testis

369  Scrotum and Contents

Homologues of Genitalia

370  Homologues of External Genitalia

371  Homologues of Internal Genitalia

Testis, Epididymis, and Ductus Deferens

372  Testis, Epididymis, and Ductus Deferens

Rectum

373  Rectum in Situ: Female and Male

374  Ischioanal Fossae

375  Rectum and Anal Canal

376  Anorectal Musculature

377  External Anal Sphincter Muscle: Perineal Views

378  Actual and Potential Perineopelvic Spaces

Regional Scan

379  Pelvic Scans: Sagittal T2-Weighted MRIs

Vasculature

380  Arteries of Rectum and Anal Canal: Male Posterior View

381  Veins of Rectum and Anal Canal: Female Anterior View

382  Arteries and Veins of Pelvic Organs: Female Anterior View

383  Arteries and Veins of Testis: Anterior View

384  Arteries of Pelvis: Female

385  Arteries and Veins of Pelvis: Male

386  Arteries and Veins of Perineum and Uterus

387  Arteries and Veins of Perineum: Male

388  Lymph Vessels and Nodes of Pelvis and Genitalia: Female

389  Lymph Vessels and Nodes of Perineum: Female

390  Lymph Vessels and Nodes of Pelvis and Genitalia: Male

Innervation

391  Nerves of External Genitalia: Male

392  Nerves of Pelvic Viscera: Male

393  Nerves of Perineum: Male

394  Nerves of Pelvic Viscera: Female

395  Nerves of Perineum and External Genitalia: Female

396  Neuropathways in Parturition

397  Innervation of Female Reproductive Organs: Schema

398  Innervation of Male Reproductive Organs: Schema

399  Innervation of Urinary Bladder and Lower Ureter: Schema

Cross-Sectional Anatomy

400  Male Pelvis: Cross Section of Bladder–Prostate Gland Junction

401  Female Pelvis: Cross Section of Vagina and Urethra

Structures with High Clinical Significance

Muscle Tables

Electronic Bonus Plates

BP88  Fasciae of Male and Female Pelvis and Perineum

BP89  Male and Female Cystourethrograms

BP90  Female Urethra

BP91  Genetics of Reproduction

BP92  Menstrual Cycle

BP93  Testes

BP94  Uterine Development

BP95  Ovary, Ova, and Follicles

BP96  Variations in Hymen

BP97  Cross Section Through Prostate

BP98  Arteries and Veins of Pelvis: Male

SECTION 7  UPPER LIMB

Surface Anatomy

402  Upper Limb: Surface Anatomy

Cutaneous Anatomy

403  Dermatomes of Upper Limb and Segmental Nerve Function

404  Cutaneous Innervation of Upper Limb

405  Cutaneous Nerves and Superficial Veins of Proximal Upper

Limb

406  Cutaneous Nerves and Superficial Veins of Forearm and Hand

407  Lymph Vessels and Nodes of Upper Limb

Shoulder and Axilla

408  Clavicle and Sternoclavicular Joint

409  Humerus and Scapula: Anterior Views

410  Humerus and Scapula: Posterior Views

411  Shoulder: Anteroposterior Radiograph

412  Shoulder with Details of Glenohumeral Joint

413  Muscles of Shoulder

414  Axilla: Posterior Wall

415  Muscles of Rotator (Compressor) Cuff

416  Pectoral, Clavipectoral, and Axillary Fasciae

417  Scapulothoracic and Shoulder Dissection

418  Axillary Artery and Anastomoses Around Scapula

419  Axilla: Anterior View

420  Brachial Plexus: Schema

Arm

421  Muscles of Arm: Anterior Views

422  Muscles of Arm: Posterior Views

423  Brachial Artery in Situ

424  Arteries of Arm and Proximal Forearm

425  Arm: Serial Cross Sections

Elbow and Forearm

426  Bones of Elbow

427  Elbow: Radiographs

428  Ligaments of Elbow

429  Bones of Forearm

430  Individual Muscles of Forearm: Rotators of Radius

431  Individual Muscles of Forearm: Extensors of Wrist and Digits

432  Individual Muscles of Forearm: Flexors of Wrist

433  Individual Muscles of Forearm: Flexors of Digits

434  Muscles of Forearm (Superficial Layer): Posterior View

435  Muscles of Forearm (Deeper Layer): Posterior View

436  Muscles of Forearm (Superficial Layer): Anterior View

437  Muscles of Forearm (Intermediate Layer): Anterior View

438  Muscles of Forearm (Deep Layer): Anterior View

439  Attachments of Muscles of Forearm: Anterior View

440  Attachments of Muscles of Forearm: Posterior View

441  Forearm: Serial Cross Sections, Anterior View

Wrist and Hand

442  Carpal Bones

443  Movements of Wrist

444  Ligaments of Wrist

445  Ligaments of Wrist (continued)

446  Bones of Wrist and Hand

447  Wrist and Hand: Radiographs

448  Metacarpophalangeal and Interphalangeal Ligaments

449  Wrist and Hand: Superficial Palmar Dissections

450  Wrist and Hand: Deeper Palmar Dissections

451  Lumbrical Muscles and Bursae, Spaces, and Sheaths: Schema

452  Flexor Tendons, Arteries, and Nerves at Wrist

453  Bursae, Spaces, and Tendon Sheaths of Hand

454  Flexor and Extensor Tendons in Fingers

455  Intrinsic Muscles of Hand

456  Arteries and Nerves of Hand: Palmar Views

457  Wrist and Hand: Superficial Dissection

458  Wrist and Hand: Superficial Dorsal Dissection

459  Nerves and Arteries of Dorsal Hand and Wrist

460  Extensor Tendons at Wrist

461  Fingers

Neurovasculature

462  Cutaneous Innervation of Wrist and Hand

463  Arteries and Nerves of Upper Limb: Anterior View

464  Nerves of Upper Limb

465  Musculocutaneous Nerve: Anterior View

466  Median Nerve

467  Ulnar Nerve

468  Radial Nerve in Arm and Nerves of Posterior Shoulder: Posterior View

469  Radial Nerve in Forearm and Hand

Regional Imaging

470  Shoulder MRI and CT Scan

Structures with High Clinical Significance

Muscle Tables

Electronic Bonus Plates

BP99  Veins of Upper Limb

BP100 Arteries of Arm and Proximal Forearm

BP101 Arteries of Forearm and Hand

BP102 Ligaments of Wrist

BP103 Flexor and Extensor Zones of Hand

BP104 Section Through Metacarpal and Distal Carpal Bones

BP105 Cross Section of Hand: Axial View

BP106 Cross Section of Hand: Axial View (continued)

SECTION 8  LOWER LIMB

Surface Anatomy

471  Lower Limb: Surface Anatomy

Cutaneous Anatomy

472  Dermatomes of Lower Limb and Segmental Nerve Function

473  Superficial Nerves and Veins of Lower Limb: Anterior View

474  Superficial Nerves and Veins of Lower Limb: Posterior View

475  Lymph Vessels and Nodes of Lower Limb

Hip and Thigh

476  Coxal Bone

477  Hip Joint

478  Hip Joint: Anteroposterior Radiograph

479  Femur

480  Bony Attachments of Muscles of Hip and Thigh: Anterior View

481  Bony Attachments of Muscles of Hip and Thigh: Posterior View

482  Muscles of Thigh: Anterior Views

483  Muscles of Thigh: Anterior Views (continued)

484  Muscles of Hip and Thigh: Lateral View

485  Muscles of Hip and Thigh: Posterior Views

486  Psoas and Iliacus Muscles

487  Lumbosacral and Coccygeal Plexuses

488  Lumbar Plexus

489  Sacral and Coccygeal Plexuses

490  Arteries and Nerves of Thigh: Anterior Views

491  Arteries and Nerves of Thigh: Anterior Views (continued)

492  Arteries and Nerves of Thigh: Posterior View

493  Nerves of Hip and Buttock

494  Hip Bursae: Posterior and Anterolateral Views

495  Arteries of Femoral Head and Neck

496  Thigh: Serial Cross Sections

Knee

497  Knee: Medial and Lateral Views

498  Knee: Anterior Views

499  Knee: Interior Views

500  Knee: Cruciate and Collateral Ligaments

501  Knee: Anteroposterior Radiograph and Posterior View

502  Knee: Posterior and Sagittal Views

503  Arteries of Lower Limb: Schema

Leg

504  Tibia and Fibula

505  Tibia and Fibula (continued)

506  Attachments of Muscles of Leg

507  Muscles of Leg (Superficial Dissection): Posterior View

508  Muscles of Leg (Intermediate Dissection): Posterior View

509  Muscles of Leg (Deep Dissection): Posterior View

510  Muscles of Leg: Lateral View

511  Muscles of Leg (Superficial Dissection): Anterior View

512  Muscles of Leg (Deep Dissection): Anterior View

513  Venous Drainage of Leg

514  Leg: Cross Sections and Fascial Compartments

Ankle and Foot

515  Bones of Foot

516  Bones of Foot (continued)

517  Calcaneus

518  Ligaments and Tendons of Ankle

519  Ligaments and Tendons of Foot: Plantar View

520  Tendon Sheaths of Ankle

521  Muscles of Dorsum of Foot: Superficial Dissection

522  Dorsum of Foot: Deep Dissection

523  Plantar Region of Foot: Superficial Dissection

524  Muscles of Plantar Region of Foot: First Layer

525  Muscles of Plantar Region of Foot: Second Layer

526  Muscles of Plantar Region of Foot: Third Layer

527  Interosseous Muscles and Deep Arteries of Foot

528  Interosseous Muscles of Foot

Neurovasculature

529  Femoral Nerve and Lateral Femoral Cutaneous Nerve

530  Obturator Nerve

531  Sciatic Nerve and Posterior Femoral Cutaneous Nerve

532  Tibial Nerve

533  Common Fibular Nerve

Regional Imaging

534  Hip MRI and 3D CT

535  Ankle: Radiographs

Structures with High Clinical Significance

Muscle Tables

Electronic Bonus Plates

BP107 Veins of Lower Limb

BP108 Arteries of Thigh and Knee

BP109 Cross-Sectional Anatomy of Hip: Axial View

BP110 Arteries of Knee and Foot

BP111 Leg: Serial Cross Sections

BP112 Osteology of Knee

BP113 Knee Radiograph: Lateral View

BP114 Anatomy of Foot: Nerves and Arteries

BP115 Cross-Sectional Anatomy of Ankle and Foot

BP116 Cross-Sectional Anatomy of Ankle and Foot (continued)

BP117 Anatomy of Toenail

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