Phycology

Phycology
 
Author:
Robert Edward Lee
Release at: 2008
Pages: 561
Edition:
Fourth Edition
File Size: 28 MB
File Type: pdf
Language: English


Content of Phycology



Part I Introduction 1

1 Basic characteristics of the algae 3

Structure of the algal cell 3

Nutrition 23

Gene sequencing and algal systematics 24

Classification 24

Algae and the fossil record 26

References 27

Part II The prokaryotic algae 31

2 Cyanobacteria 33

Morphology 33

Cell wall and gliding 33

Pili and twitching 36

Sheaths 37

Protoplasmic structure 38

Gas vacuoles 41

Pigments and photosynthesis 43

Akinetes 45

Heterocysts 46

Nitrogen fixation 49

Circadian rhythms 52

Asexual reproduction 53

Growth and metabolism 55

Symbiosis 56

Ecology of cyanobacteria 59

Cyanotoxins 65

Cyanobacteria and the quality of drinking water 66

Utilization of cyanobacteria as food 67

Cyanophages 67

Secretion of antibiotics and siderophores 68

Calcium carbonate deposition and fossil record 69

Classification 71

References 74

Part III Evolution of the chloroplast 81

3 Glaucophyta 85

References 88

4 Rhodophyta 89

Cell structure 89

Calcification 93

Secretory cells 95

Iridescence 96

Epiphytes and parasites 96

Defense mechanisms of the red algae 98

Commercial utilization of red algal mucilages 99

Reproductive structures 101

Spore motility 106

Classification 107

References 132

5 Chlorophyta 139

Cell structure 139

Phototaxis and eyespots 141

Asexual reproduction 143

Sexual reproduction 143

Classification 144

Prasinophyceae 150

Charophyceae 154

Classification 155

Ulvophyceae 168

Classification 168

Chlorophyceae 189

Classification 191

References 226

Part IV Evolution of one membrane of chloroplast endoplasmic reticulum 239

6 Euglenophyta 245

Nucleus and nuclear division 248

Eyespot, paraflagellar swelling, and phototaxis 250

Muciferous bodies and extracellular structures 253

Chloroplasts and storage products 255

Nutrition 255

Classification 256

References 259

7 Dinophyta 262

Cell structure 263

Resting spores or cysts or hypnospores and fossil Dinophyceae 277

Toxins 279

Dinoflagellates and oil and coal deposits 284

Bioluminescence 285

Rhythms 287

Heterotrophic dinoflagellates 291

Symbiotic dinoflagellates 295

Classification 296

References 303

8 Apicomplexa 310

References 313

Part V Evolution of two membranes of chloroplast endoplasmic reticulum and the Chlorarachniophyta 315

9 Cryptophyta 321

Cell structure 321

Ecology 325

Symbiotic associations 326

Classification 326

References 330

10 Heterokontophyta, Chrysophyceae 333

Cell structure 333

Statospores 337

Nutrition 339

Ecology 339

Classification 341

References 346

11 Heterokontophyta, Synurophyceae 349

Classification 350

References 353

12 Heterokontophyta, Eustigmatophyceae 354

References 356

13 Heterokontophyta, Pinguiophyceae 357

References 358

14 Heterokontophyta, Dictyochophyceae 359

Classification 359

References 364

15 Heterokontophyta, Pelagophyceae 365

References 366

16 Heterokontophyta, Bolidophyceae 368

References 368

17 Heterokontophyta, Bacillariophyceae 369

Cell structure 369

Motility 378

Resting spores and resting cells 382

Auxospores 383

Rhythmic phenomena 386

Physiology 387

Chemical defense against predation 390

Ecology 391

Fossil diatoms 395

Classification 398

References 404

18 Heterokontophyta, Raphidophyceae 409

References 412

19 Heterokontophyta, Xanthophyceae 413

Cell structure 413

Asexual reproduction 415

Sexual reproduction 416

References 422

20 Heterokontophyta, Phaeothamniophyceae 424

References 425

21 Heterokontophyta, Phaeophyceae 426

Cell structure 427

Life history 431

Classification 433

References 475

22 Prymnesiophyta 484

Cell structure 484

Scales and coccoliths 490

Toxins 496

Classification 498

References 500

23 Algae and the environment 504

Toxic algae 504

Toxic algae and the end-Permian extinction 510

Cooling of the Earth, cloud condensation nuclei, and DMSP 511

Chemical defense mechanisms of algae 511

The Antarctic and Southern Ocean 513

The grand experiment 514

Antarctic lakes as a model for life on the planet Mars or Jupiter’s moon Europa 515

Ultraviolet radiation, the ozone hole, and sunscreens produced by algae 517

Hydrogen fuel cells and hydrogen gas production by algae 517

References 519

Glossary 521

Index 534

GET THIS BOOK
Similar Books

0 comments: