Plant Nematology 2nd Edition (PDF)

Plant Nematology
 
Author:
Roland N. Perry & Maurice Moens
Release at: 2013
Pages: 565
Edition:
2nd Edition
File Size: 10 MB
File Type: pdf
Language: English


Description of Plant Nematology


The book Plant Nematology written by Roland N. Perry is using for plant nematodes studies the eBook is available in (PDF) format for free Download. We were delighted with the positive response to the 1st edition of Plant Nematology. Initially aimed at the MSc course in nematology at Ghent University, Belgium, the book has proved popular with students and staff worldwide. The first edition was written in 2005 and published in April the following year. Several chapters now need updating to meet the requirements of current nematology students.

In producing this second edition, we have taken the opportunity to revise all chapters, especially those, such as the molecular chapters, where a wealth of new information has accumulated over the intervening years since the first edition. We are grateful to the authors who have prepared the revised chapters; their time and effort are greatly appreciated. 

Also, we would like to acknowledge the constructive comments from users of the first edition; in particular, we thank Axel Elling (Washington State University, USA), Rick Davis (North Carolina State University, USA), David Hunt (CABI, UK), John Jones (The James Hutton Institute, UK), Charlie Opperman (North Carolina State University, USA) and Nicole Viaene (ILVO, Merelbeke, Belgium) for their important and useful comments.

Content of Plant Nematology



PART I TAXONOMY, SYSTEMATICS, AND PRINCIPAL GENERA

1 Structure and Classification 3
Wilfrid Decraemer and David J. Hunt
1.1. Introduction 3
1.2. General Morphology 7
1.3. Life Cycle Stages 29
1.4. Feeding Groups 31
1.5. Classification of Plant-parasitic Nematodes 32
1.6. Common Morphometric Abbreviations 37
2 Molecular Systematics 40
Sergei A. Subbotin, Lieven Waeyenberge, and Maurice Moens
2.1. Phylogenetics and Phylogenomics 41
2.2. Species Concepts and Delimiting Species in Nematology 42
2.3. Phylogenetics and Classification 43
2.4. Molecular Techniques 44
2.5. Genes used for Molecular Systematics 52
2.6. Microsatellites 57
2.7. DNA Bar Coding 57
2.8. Phylogenetic Inference 57
2.9. Reconstruction of Historical Associations 62
2.10. Databases 63
2.11. Examples of Molecular Phylogenies 64
3 Root-knot Nematodes 73
Gerrit Karssen, Wim Wesemael and Maurice Moens
3.1. Introduction to Root-knot Nematodes 74
3.2. Life Cycle and Behaviour 74
3.3. Host Response to Parasitism 77
3.4. Post-infection Biology 80
3.5. Effect on Plant Growth and Yield 82
3.6. Survival 83
3.7. Cytogenetics 84
3.8. General Morphology 84
3.9. Principal Species 91
3.10. Biochemical and Molecular Identification 102
3.11. Interactions with Other Plant Pathogens 103
3.12. Management and Control 105
4 Cyst Nematodes 109
Susan J. Turner and Sergei A. Subbotin
4.1. Introduction to Cyst Nematodes 110
4.2. Life Cycle and Behaviour 111
4.3. General Morphology of the Subfamily Heteroderinae 116
4.4. Genera and Principal Species 120
4.5. Pathotypes and Races 135
4.6. Biochemical and Molecular Diagnosis 137
4.7. Interactions with Other Plant Pathogens 139
4.8. Management 141
5 Migratory Endoparasitic Nematodes 144
Larry W. Duncan and Maurice Moens
5.1. Introduction to Migratory Endoparasitic Nematodes 145
5.2. The Pratylenchids: Lesion, Burrowing and Rice Root Nematodes 146
5.3. Anguinids and the Stem and Bulb Nematode, Ditylenchus dipsaci 162
5.4. Plant-parasitic Aphelenchs 166
6 Ectoparasitic Nematodes 179
Wilfrid Decraemer and Etienne Ararat
6.1. Introduction 180
6.2. Definition of Ectoparasites/Ectoparasitism 180
6.3. Classification 181
6.4. Tylenchina (Chromadorea, Chromadoria) 181
6.5. Enoplea 193
6.6. Biochemical and Molecular Diagnostics 212
6.7. Ectoparasitic Nematodes as Vectors of Plant Viruses 213
6.8. Management 214
PART II NEMATODE BIOLOGY AND PLANT–NEMATODE INTERACTIONS
7 Reproduction, Physiology and Biochemistry 219
Roland N. Perry, Denis J. Wright, and David J. Chitwood
7.1. Reproduction and Development 220
7.2. Musculature and Neurobiology 224
7.3. Biosynthesis 227
7.4. Respiration and Intermediary Metabolism 230
7.5. Osmotic and Ionic Regulation and Excretion 233
7.6. Survival Strategies 235
8 Behavior and Sensory Perception 246
Roland N. Perry and Rosane H.C. Curtis
8.1. Sense Organs or Sensilla 247
8.2. Undulatory Propulsion 249
8.3. Random Movement 255
8.4. Movement in Response to Stimuli 259
8.5. Nematode Feeding and Movement within Plant Tissue 266
8.6. Other Types of Movement and Behaviour 273
9 Molecular Aspects of Plant–Nematode Interactions 274
Godelieve Gheysen and John T. Jones
9.1. Nematode Parasitism of Plants 275
9.2. Invasion and Migration 277
9.3. Wound and Defence Responses of the Plant 281
9.4. Suppression of Host Defences and Protection from Host Responses 283
9.5. Molecular and Cellular Aspects of the Development of Nematode Feeding Cells 285
9.6. Nematode Signals for Feeding Site Induction and Other Processes 292
9.7. Comparisons Between Cyst and Root-knot Nematodes 295
9.8. Resistance and Avirulence Genes 296
PART III QUANTITATIVE NEMATOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT
10 Plant Growth and Population Dynamics 301
Corrie H. Schomaker and Thomas H. Been
10.1. Introduction 302
10.2. Relationships of Nematodes with Plants 302
10.3. Predictors of Yield Reduction 303
10.4. Different Response Variables of Nematodes 305
10.5. Stem Nematodes (Ditylenchus dipsaci) 305
10.6. Root-invading Nematodes 307
10.7. Effect of Nematicides 319
10.8. Validation of the Model 321
10.9. Population Dynamics 322
11 Distribution Patterns and Sampling 331
Thomas H. Been and Corrie H. Schomaker
11.1. Introduction 331
11.2. Practical Application 332
11.3. Horizontal Distribution 333
11.4. Vertical Distribution 356
12 International Plant Health – Putting Legislation into Practice 359
Sue Hockland, Renato N. Inserra and Lisa M. Kohl
12.1. Introduction and Terminology 360
12.2. Historical Considerations 362
12.3. International Phytosanitary Frameworks 364
12.4. Early Legislation Enacted against Plant-parasitic Nematodes 366
12.5. International Phytosanitary Initiatives against Plant-parasitic Nematodes 
367
12.6. Phytosanitary Problems Posed by Plant-parasitic Nematodes 370
12.7. Determining the Risk Posed by Plant-parasitic Nematodes Using Pest Risk 
Analysis 370
12.8. Phytosanitary Measures for Plant-parasitic Nematodes 373
12.9. Phytosanitary Measures and their Associated Cost: Benefits 375
12.10. Future Challenges for the Control of Regulated Nematodes 378
12.11. Challenges Facing Scientific Advisers and Researchers 379
13 Biological and Cultural Management 383
Nicole Viaene, Danny L. Coyne and Keith G. Davies
13.1. Introduction 384
13.2. Suppressive Soils 385
13.3. Biological Control Agents 386
13.4. Interactions with Rhizosphere Microflora 394
13.5. Application of Biological Control Agents 395
13.6. Integration of Biological Control with Other Control Measures 397
13.7. Nematode-free Planting Material 399
13.8. Sanitation 401
13.9. Physical Soil Treatments 402
13.10. Biologically based Practices 405
13.11. Amendments 408
13.12. Time of Planting 410
13.13. Other Control Practices 410
14 Nematode Resistance in Crops 411
James L. Starr, Alexander H. McDonald and Abiodun O. Claudius-Cole
14.1. Introduction 411
14.2. Concepts of Resistance 412
14.3. Inheritance and Mechanisms of Resistance 414
14.4. Virulence in Nematodes 418
14.5. Origins and Functions 423
14.6. Exploitation 424
14.7. Successes and Opportunities 434
15 Genetic Engineering for Resistance 437
Amanda Cottage and Peter Urwin
15.1. Genetic Engineering for Resistance: General Introduction 438
15.2. Genetic Engineering for Nematode Resistance: Use of Natural Resistances 
439
15.3. Targets in the Early Nematode–Plant Interaction for Engineered Resistance 
442
15.4. Genetic Engineering to Target the Nematode Directly 444
15.5. Targeting the Nematode Feeding Site 450
15.6. Stacked Defences 457
15.7. The Research Approach to Engineering Nematode Resistance 457
15.8. The Future 458
16 Chemical Control of Nematodes 459
Patrick P.J. Haydock, Simon R. Woods, Ivan G. Grove and Martin C. Hare
16.1. History and Development of Nematicides 459
16.2. Active Substances: Chemical Groups and Modes of Action 463
16.3. Formulation and Application 464
16.4. Nematicides in the Environment 471
16.5. Human Safety 475
16.6. Naturally Occurring Nematicides 477
References 481
Glossary 523
Index 533

GET THIS BOOK
Similar Books

0 comments: