Textbook of Microbiology

Microbiology
 
Author:
P.C.  Trivedi, Sonali  Pandey & Seema  Bhadauria
Release at: 2010
Pages: 457
Edition:
First Edition
File Size: 20 MB
File Type: pdf
Language: English


Description of Textbook of Microbiology


Microorganisms are the oldest inhabitants of the earth. They are masters in versatility and adaptability to the changing environment. They will definitely prove to be the most cost-effective partners in our efforts for sustainable development. The diversity of their activities varies from causing diseases in humans and other animals and plants to the production of various useful products.

Content of Textbook of Microbiology



1. INTRODUCTION

Major Fields of Pure  Sciences; Major Fields of  Applied  Microbiology.

2. HISTORY  OF  MICROBIOLOGY

Discovery  Era-Antony  Van  Leeuwenhoek; Transition  Period-F.  Redi, Needham,  Spallanzani;  Historical  development  in  the  field  of Microbiology;  Golden  Age  of  Microbiology-Louis  Pasteur, Tyndall,  L.J. Lister,  Robert  Koch, Hesse, Jenner, Metchnikoff, Roux,  Paul  Ehrlich, Domagk, Flemming; Era of Molecular Biology - Beadle  &  Tatum, Delbruck &  Luria;  Nobel  Laureates  in  Microbiology.

3. EVOLUTION  OF  MICROORGANISM

Origin of Universe-Nebular  Hypothesis; Planetesimal Hypothesis; Tidal Hypothesis; Recent Hypothesis;  The  Primitive Atmosphere of Earth; Chemical Origin of Life (Chemogeny); Biological Evolution of Biogeny; Cognogeny.

4. CLASSIFICATION  OF  MICROORGANISM

Hierarchical  Arrangement  in Taxonomy; Whittaker Five Kingdom Concept; Major Differential  Features  among  Bacteria,  Archaea  and  Eukarya; Modern  Trends  in  Classification; Characters  used  for  the  Classification of Bacteria;  Genome  Comparison;  RNA  Finger  Printing  and  Sequencing; DNA  Sequencing;  Microbial  Phylogeny;  Molecular  Chronometers; Phylogenetic  Trees;  Taxonomic  Criteria  used  for  Classification  & Identification  of  Bacteria.

5. NOMENCLATURE  AND  BERGEY'S MANUAL

Organization of Bergey's Manual; Classification of Prokaryotes.

6.BACTERIA

General Character;  Plant  Like Characteristic  in  Bacteria;  Structure  of Bacterial  Cell- Shapes  of  Bacteria, Ultrastructure, Flagella, Pili,  Capsule, Cell  Wall-Gram  +ve  and  Gram  -ve  bacteria; Cytoplasmic  Membrane; Ribosomes; Chromatophores,  Cytoplasmic Inclusions,  Gas  Vacuoles, Nuclear  Material,  Plasmid;  Nutrition  in  Bacteria-Photosynthetic, Chemosynthetic,  Heterotrophic  Bacteria;  Reproduction  in  Bacteria- Vegetative (Binary fission, Budding, Cyst, Gonidia);  Asexual  (Conidia, Oidiospores,  Sporangiospores,  Motile  spores,  Endospores);  Genetic Recombination  (Transformation,  Conjugation,  Transduction);  Gram Staining, Pathogenic Bacteria.

7.VIRUSES

History,  General  Characters  of  Viruses, Difference  of  Virus  from  Bacteria and  Mycoplasma,  Nature  of Viruses; Viroids; Virusoides; Prions; Size  & Structure  of Viruses; Chemical Composition; Viral Genome; Classification of  Virus - LHT  System, Gasjens  &  King Classification, Baltimore Scheme of  Classification; Replication of Viruses - Lytic Cycle, Lysogenic Cycle; Interferon.

8. BACTERIAL VIRUSES

DNA Bacterial Viruses (Phage M13; Bacterial Virus T4; Temperate Bacteriophages;  A.  Phage, Virus T7,  MU  Virus).

9.  PLANT VIRUSES

Morphology, Satellite Virus  &  RNA; Virus  Infection-Symptoms  (External &  Internal); Classification  &  Nomenclature; Physiology  &  Cytology  of Plants  Infected  with  Viruses;  Change  in  Low  Molecular  Weight Metabolites; Viral Diseases  of  Tomato  (Leaf  Curl  of  Tomato, Mosaic  of Tomato); Rice  Tungro  Viruses;  Sugarcane  Mosaic; Algal Viruses - The Cyanophage  - Properties,  Life Cycle;  Other  Algal  Viruses;  Fungal Viruses- The  Mycophages-Characteristics,  Examples  of  Mycophages; Taxonomic Position  of  Mycophages; Tobacco Mosaic Virus; Cauliflower Mosaic Virus;  Potato  Virus; Transmission  of  Plant  Viruses.

10.  THE  ANIMAL VIRUSES

Replication  of  Animal Viruses (DNA Viruses, RNA Viruses); Classification of  Animal  Viruses; Classification  of  Human  Viruses;  Picomaviridae, Enteroviruses; Polioviruses; Coxsackieviruses, Echoviruses; Enteroviruses; Rhinoviruses; Rhabdoviruses; Rotaviruses; AIDS HIV Viruses; Poxviridae; Herpesvirus;  Herpes  Simplex Virus;  Vericella-Zoster  Virus;  EpsteinBarr Virus; Cytomegalovirus; Adenovirus; Polymavirus; Hepatitis Viruses (Hepatitis A,  B,  C,  D,  E,  G).

11.  ARCHAEA

Phytogeny;  General  Characteristics; Cell Wall;  Plasma  Membrane; Metabolism; Characteristics of the Major Archaeal Groups; Halobacteria.

12.  MYCOPLASMA

General Characteristics; Classification, Cell Structure; Reproduction, Economic Importance; Plant  Diseases-Symptoms,  Transmission;  Human and  Animal Diseases.

13.  PHYTOPLASMA

Mollicutes; Phytoplasmas-Occurrence  &  Maintenance, Detection; Vectors; Spread  &  Transmission; Disease Symptoms; Identification; Classification; Cure  &  Management; Little Leaf of  Brinjal-Symptoms,  Control.

14.  GENERAL ACCOUNT OF CYANOBACTERIA

General Characters of Cyanobacteria; Occurrence, Thallus Organization; Cell Structure, Photosynthetic Pigments and Chromatic Adaptation; Gas Vacuoles;  Heterocyst-Physiology  & Nature of Heterocyst, Function; Nutrition of Cyanobacteria;  Reproduction-Vegetative  (Fission, Fragmentation, Hormogonia); Asexual (Akinetes, Endospores, Exospores, Nannocytes, Hormospores); Genetic Recombination.

15.  GRAM  -ve  BACTERIA

Spirochetes  - Movement,  Cell division, Diversity,  Symbiosis  with Invertebrates;  Trepollema  pallidu11l,  Borrelia,  Lyme diseases; Rickettsia; Chlamydia, Gliding Bacteria (The Myxobacteria); The Sheathed  Bacteria-Sphaerotilus,  Leptothrix,  Halisco11le1lobacter,  Chemolithotrophs; Anoxygenic Phototrophic Bacteria; Oxygenic Phototrophic Bacteria; Cyanobacteria; Nitrogen-Fixing Cyanobacteria; The Purple Bacteria (Sulphur  and  Non- sulphur  Bacteria); The Green Bacteria (Sulphur  &  Non-sulphur  Bacteria); Budding Bacteria.

16.  GRAM  +ve BACTERIA

Mycobacteria,  Mycobacterium tuberculosis - Growth  Characteristics, Pathogenicity; Endospore Forming Rods  &  Cocci; Anaerobic Spore Formers;  Bacilllls  - Anthrax,  Clostridium;  Actinomycetes - Biotechnological Potential of Actinomycetes; Antibiotics from Actinomycetes.

17.  EUKARYOTA

Algae-General  Characters,  Habit  &  Habitat, Thallus Organization, Pigments, Reserve Food, Algal  Cell-Flagella,  Reproduction- Vegetative, Asexual  &  Sexual; Types of Life Cycle; Classification;  Fungi  - General Characters, Nutrition, Growth  &  Reproduction, Classification.

APPENDIX-1

Prokaryotes Notable for their Environmental Significance

APPENDIX-2

Medically Important Chemoorganotrophs

APPENDIX-3

Terms Used to Describe Microorganisms According to
Their Metabolic Capabilities

QUESTIONS

Short  &  Essay Type Questions; Multiple Choice Questions

INDEX

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