Evolution of Nervous Systems (PDF)

Evolution of Nervous Systems
Jon H Kaas
Release at: 2017
Pages: 2075
1st Edition/4 Volume Set
File Size: 64 MB
File Type: pdf
Language: English

Description of Evolution of Nervous Systems

Evolution of Nervous Systems written by Jon H Kaas is great for the Nervous System and its evolution studies available in ebook (PDF) free download. The 1st version of this series in 2007 included 125 chapters & 4 volumes on a range of topics. The goal was to have chapters by experts in the field that would be both informative and readable by interested nonexperts, as well as those that worked in the field. I was greatly impressed with the I have returned and results in these chapters many times myself. A portion of the chapters was later reprinted in a single volume that could be used as readings in a neuroscience class. While these articles will long be researchers, valuable have been very productive & the field of comparative neuroscience has grown and advanced. Thus, when the acquisition editor for Ginny Mills, Elsevier, approached me to see if I was interested in producing another series of new articles, the time seemed right to me. After some discussion, we agreed to proceed with a new 4 volume series, with two significant changes.

Volume 1 of the previous series covered invertebrates as well as theoretical & development background. An emphasis on nervous systems of invertebrate seemed redundant to me due to the recent publication of major volumes on invertebrate nervous systems elsewhere. Thus, we incorporated development and theory in all volumes as needed and started the series with a volume on non-mammalian vertebrates. Second, due to the great interest in the evolution of human brains, and the comparative studies and many new results from brain imaging in both monkeys and humans. Thus, we have Volume 2 on mammals, Volume 3 on primate brains, & Volume 4 on ape and human brains.

Content of Evolution of Nervous Systems



1.01 Origins of Vertebrate Nervous Systems 3
1.02 Evolution of Neural Crest & Cranial Placodes 25
1.03 Jawless Vertebrates Nervous Systems 37
1.04 The Brains of Teleost Fishes 59
1.05 The Brains of Cartilaginous Fishes 77
1.06 Adult Neurogenesis in the Teleost Fish Brain: Developmental Principles & Evolutionary Implications 99
1.07 The Organization of the Central Nervous System of Lungfishes: An Immunohistochemical Approach 121
1.08 The Organization of the Amphibians Central Nervous System 141
1.09 The Brains of Reptiles & Birds 171
1.10 The Role of Endocasts in Brain Evolution Study 223


1.11 Chemoreceptors in Evolution 245
1.12 Lateral Line Systems (Including Electroreception) 257
1.13 Evolutionary Trends in L& Vertebrate Hearing Organs 277
1.14 Nonmammalian Vertebrates Evolutionary Trends in Hearing 291
1.15 A Comparative Overview of Locomotion & Its Neural Basis in Aquatic, Nonmammalian Chordates & Protochordates 309
1.16 Conserved Features of the Basal Ganglia & Related Forebrain CircuitsdFrom Lampreys to Mammals 321
1.17 Brain Systems Underlying Social Behavior 327
1.18 Functional Correlates of Brain & Brain Region Sizes in Nonmammalian Vertebrates 335

Brain Regions

1.19 Structure & Function of Regional Specializations in the Vertebrate Retina 351
1.20 The Cerebellum of Nonmammalian Vertebrates 373
1.21 The Optic Tectum: Stimulus Selection Structure Evolved 387
1.22 The Diencephalon & Hypothalamus of Nonmammalian Vertebrates: Evolutionary & Developmental Traits 409
1.23 The Amygdala 427
1.24 The Hippocampus of Nonmammalian Vertebrates 479
1.25 Function & Evolution of the Reptilian Cerebral Cortex 491
1.26 The Pallium in Reptiles & Birds in the Light of the Updated Tetrapartite Pallium Model 519


2.01 The Emergence of Mammals 1
2.02 Brain Ontology of Mammalian Based on Developmental Gene Expression 53
2.03 Mammalian Evolution: The Phylogenetics Story 77
2.04 The Neocortex Organization in Early Mammals 87
2.05 Evolution of Large Brain & Body Size in Mammals 103
2.06 The Evolution of Mammalian Sleep 137
2.07 What Modern Mammals Teach About the Cellular Composition of Early 
Brains & Mechanisms of Brain Evolution 153
2.08 The Miniature Neocortex of Mammalian Brain Evolution Shrewsd Clues 181
2.09 Mammalian Cortical Development of Comparative Aspects 187
2.10 The Nonmammalian Amniotes Neocortical Homologues: Bridging the 
Hierarchical Concepts of Homology Through Comparative Neurogenesis 195
2.11 Evolution of Telencephalic Commissures: Conservation & Change of  Developmental Systems in the Origin of Brain Wiring Novelties 205
2.12 Comparative Analysis of Receptor Types and Identify Primary Cortical Sensory Areas 225
2.13 Consistencies & Variances in the Anatomical Organization of Aspects of the Mammalian Brain stem 247
2.14 The Cerebral Cortex comparative structure in Large Mammals 267
2.15 White Matter Expansion 291
2.16 Glial Cells Comparative Anatomy in Mammals 309
2.17 The Monotreme Nervous System 349
2.18 Marsupial Brains Are Not as Primitive as Expected 363
2.19 Xenarthran Nervous Systems 383
2.20 Carnivoran Brains: Effects of Sociality on Inter- & Intraspecific Comparisons of Regional Brain Volumes 413
2.21 The Mammalian Hippocampus Comparative Aspects 429
2.22 Comparative Anatomy & Evolution of the Somatosensory Brain Stem 437
2.23 Evolution of Flight & Echolocation in Bats 461
2.24 Developmental Gene Expression Redefines the Mammalian Brain Stem 467


3.01 The Phylogeny of Primates 1

Cellular Composition, Developmental Mechanisms that Give Rise to a Larger Cortical Sheet, Brain Scaling, & Evolution of Brain-Body Relationships

3.02 What Made of Primate Brains 37
3.03 The Cortical Sheet Expansion in Primates 59
3.04 Neocortex Expansion in Development & Evolution: The Cell Biology of Neural Stem & Progenitor Cells & the Impact of Human-Specific Gene Expression 73
3.05 Developmental Programs & Gene Expression Patterns Yield Insights Into the Evolution of Primate Cortical Circuitry 91
3.06 Scaling Up the Simian Primate Cortex: Expansion Across Brain Sizes Conserved Pattern 99
3.07 Evolutionary-Developmental Aspects of Cortical Connectivity 113
3.08 The Timing of Brain Maturation, Early Experience, & the Human Social Niche 123
3.09 The Evolutionary Developmental Basis Trends in Primate Encephalization 149

The Visual System

3.10 The Subcortical Pathways Evolution to the Extrastriate Cortex 165
3.11 Visual Cortex Evolution in Primates 187
3.12 High-Level Visual Perception Evolved Mechanisms in Primates 203
3.13 Visual Attention Evolution in Primates 237

Evolution of Parietal Cortex & the Emergence of Manual Dexterity & Tool Use

3.14 Parietal Cortex Evolution in Mammals: From Manipulation to Tool Use 259
3.15 Parietal-Frontal Networks Evolution in Primates 287
3.16 H&s, Brains, & Precision Grips: Origins of Tool Use Behaviors 299
3.17 Tool Use in Nonhuman Primates: Natural History, Ontogenetic Development & Social Supports for Learning 317

The Auditory Cortex & Cortical Networks for Vocal Communication

3.18 Auditory Cortex Evolution in Primates 331
3.19 Individual Variability and Functional Organization of the Cerebral Cortex Across a Lifetime: A Substrate for Evolution Across Generations 343
3.20 Specialization of Primate Ventrolateral Prefrontal Cortex for Face & Vocal Processing: Precursor to Communication 357

The Evolution of Motor, Frontal & Prefrontal Cortex

3.21 Mirror Neuron Mechanism Evolution in Primates 373
3.22 The Evolution of the Prefrontal Cortex in Early Primates & Anthropoids 387
3.23 The Evolution of Primate Executive Function: From Response Control to Strategic Decision-Making 423

The Evolution of Cultural Capacity & Innovation in Primates: Epigenetic Mechanisms that Give Rise to Phenotypic Diversity within a Population

3.24 Modern Epigenetics: Potential Mechanisms for Cultural Transmission & Social Learning in Primates 441
3.25 Oxytocin, Vasopressin, & Development of Social Behavior in Primates 461
3.26 The Cultural Capacity of Human & Nonhuman Primates: Social Learning, Innovation, & Cumulative Cultural Evolution 475

Beyond the Evolution of Sensory Systems

3.27 Evolutionary Constraints on the Emergence of Human Mathematical Concepts 511
3.28 Decomposing the Evolution of Sleep: Comparative & Developmental Approaches 523
3.29 From Sponge to Human: The Evolution of Consciousness 547


4.01 Human Brain Evolutionary Introduction and Studies 1
4.02 Human Evolutionary History 19
4.03 Evolution of Human Life History 37
4.04 Energetics, Life History, & Human Brain Evolution 51
4.05 The Human Brain Evolution Fossil Evidence 63
4.06 Differences in Brain Organization Between Ne&erthals & Modern Humans 93
4.07 Molecular Evolution & Phenotypic Change 101
4.08 Human Brain Microstructure Evolutionary Specializations 121
4.09 Remarkable, But Not Special: What Made of Human Brains 141
4.10  The Human Brain Evolution: Design Without a Designer 153
4.11 Human Association Cortex: Exp&ed, Untethered, Neotenous, & Plastic 169
4.12 Human Association Cortex Evolutionary Specializations 185
4.13 The Human Prefrontal Cortex Evolutionary Specializations 207
4.14 Human Visual System Specializations Evolution 227
4.15 On the Evolution of the Frontal Eye Field: Comparisons of Monkeys, Apes, & Humans 249
4.16 Specializations Evolutionary of the Human Limbic System 277
4.17 The Auditory Cortex Evolution in Humans 293
4.18 Evolution of Laterality & Language in Primates 301
4.19 Evolution of Human Language Circuits Revealed With Comparative Diffusion Tensor Imaging 311
4.20 The Evo-Devo of Vocal Communication: Insights From Marmoset Monkeys 317
4.21 Language Evolution 325
4.22 The Neuroscience of Human Tool Use 341
4.23 The Search for Human Cognitive Specializations 355

Index 367

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